I have integrated both books and historical documents together by general subject, rather than list them all collectively.


Ambrose, Stephen E, Undaunted Courage, Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West, Simon & Shuster, New York, 1996.
Atwood, Rodney, The Hessians, Cambridge University Press, 2002. New York.
Bowen, Catherine Drinker, John Adams and the American Revolution, Little Brown, Boston, 1950.

Brown, Dee, Fort Phil Kearney, An American Saga, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 1962.
Buchanan, John, The Road to Valley Forge, How Washington Built the Army that Won the Revolution, Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, 2004.

Bullock, Charles J, PhD, Essays on the Monetary History of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1900.
Burgoyne, Bruce E , The 3rd English-Waldeck regiment in the American Revolutionary War, Heritage, New York, 1999.

Campa, Arthur L, Hispanic Culture In the South West, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 1979.

Catton, Bruce, A Stillness at Appomattox, Washington Square, New York, 1953.

Churchill, Right Honourable Sir Winston S, The American Civil War, Fairfax, New York, 1968.

Corwin, Honourable Thomas, Secretary of the Treasury, Report [to the US Senate] on the Trade and Commerce of the British North American Colonies with the United States and other Countries, Embracing Full and Complete Tabular Statements from 1829 to 1850, The Senate, Washington, 1851.

Cunningham, Noble E Jr, In Pursuit of Reason, The Life of Thomas Jefferson, Ballantine, New York, 1987.

Daniels, George C, editor, The Spanish West, Time-Life Books, New York, 1976.

Davis, Burke, The Campaign That Won America, The Story of Yorktown, Eastern Acorn Press, Gettysburg, 1970.

Desmond, Alice Curtis, Glamorous Dolly Madison, Dodd, Mead, New York, 1946.

Ellis, David et al, A History of New York State, Revision of a Short History of New York State, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1967.

Embrey, Alvin T, History of Fredericksburg Virginia, Old Dominion, Richmond, 1937.

Ferling, John, Almost a Miracle,The American Victory in the War of Independence, Oxford University Press, New York, 2007.

Fischer, David Hackett, Washington's Crossing, Oxford University Press, New York, 2004.

Foust, Drew Gilpin, This Republic of Suffering, Death and the American Civil War, Alfred A Knopf, New York, 2008.

Grant, Bruce, American Forts, Yesterday and Today, EP Dutton, New York, 1965.

Hilowitz, Harv, Revolutionary War Chronology & Almanac, 1754-1783, Hope Farm, Saugerties, 1995.

Holbrook, Stewart H, editor Gannett, Lewis, The Age of the Moguls, Doubleday, Garden City, 1953.

Jiménez, Alfredo, editor, Handbook of Hispanic Cultures In the United States: History, Arte Pùblico Press, Houston,

Johnston, Henry P, The Yorktown Campaign and the Surrender of Cornwallis 1781,  reprinted Eastern Acorn Press, 1881, 1981.

Kantor, MacKinlay, Valley Forge, M Evans, New York, 1904.

Kozak, Robert, "Shelter from the Storm", Frederick, Maryland, A Place of Refuge in the Seven Year's War, Heritage, Westminster, 2008.

Lancaster, Bruce, The American Revolution, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1971.

Leckie, Robert, Wars of America, revised edition, Harper & Row, New York, 1981.

Leech, Margaret, Reveille in Washington, 1860-1865 , Harper & Brothers, London, 1941.

Middlekauf, Robert, The Glorious Cause, The American Revolution 1763-1789. volume 2, Oxford University Press, New York, 1982.

McCullough, David, 1776, Simon & Shuster, New York, 2005.

_______, John Adams, Simon & Shuster, New York, 2005.

Morison, Samuel Eliot, The Oxford History of the American People, Oxford University Press, New York, 1965.

O'Meara, Walter, Guns At the Forks, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1965.

Royster, Charles, A Revolutionary People at War, the Continental Army and American Character, 1775-1783, Norton, University of North Carolina, 1979.

Schafer, Joseph, History of the Pacific North-West, MacMillan, Norwood, 1918.

Simpson. Alan, Puritanism in Old and New England, Phoenix, Chicago, 1955.

Stone, William L , translation Max von Eelking, Memoirs and Letters and Journals of Major General Riedesel, During His Residence in America Vol I, J Munsell, Albany, 1868.

Thom, James Alexander, Panther in the Sky, a novel Based on the Life of Tecumseh, Ballantine Books, New York, 1989.

Todish, Timothy J, America's First World War, The French and Indian War, 1754-1763, second edition, Purple Mountain Press, New York, 2002.

Ward, Geoffrey C, et al, The Civil War, an Illustrated history, Knopf, New York, 1990.

Webb, Stephen Saunders, 1676 The End of American Independence, Alfred A Knopf, New York, 1984.

Wood, WJ, Battles of the Revolutionary War, 1775-1781, Da Capo Press, Cambridge, 2000.

Wright, Robert K Jr, The Continental Army, Center of Military History, Washington, DC, 1989.

White, George, Saratoga, Saga of an Impious Era, Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, 1966.


American Indian Peoples


Abbot, John SC, Hernando Cortez, Werner, Akron,1907.

Adams, Edward, People On The Move, The Effects of Some Important Historical Events On the People Of St Vincent and the Grenadines, Adams Books, Kingstown, 2002.

Burger, Richard L, and Salazar, Lucy C, editors, Machu Picchu, Unveiling The Mystery of The Incas, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2004.

Cassidy, James J Jr, editor, Through Indian Eyes, The Untold Story of Native American Peoples, Reader's Digest, Pleasantville, 1995.

Chatters, James C, Ancient Encounters, Kennewick Man and the First Americans, Simon & Schuster, New York, 2001.

Clendinnen, Inga, Aztecs, An Interpretation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1991.

Coe, Michael, America's First Civilization, Discovering the Olmec, American Heritage and The Smithsonian, New York 1968.
Corriveau, Danielle, First Peoples, The Inuit of Canada, Lerner Publications, Minneapolis, 2002.

Hanbury-Tenison, Robin, Aborigines of the Amazon Rain Forest, The Yanomami, Time-Life Books, Amsterdam, 1982.
Hirschfelder, Arlene, Native Americans, A History in Pictures, Dorling Kindersley, New York, 2000.

Jennings, Francis, The Founders of America, How Indians Discovered the Land, Pioneered In It, and Created Great Classical Civilizations; How They Were Plunged Into a Dark Age By Invasion and Conquest; and How They Are Revivng, Norton, New York, 1993.

Josephy Jr, Alvin M, 500 Nations, An Illustrated History of North American Indians, Alfred A Knopf, New York, 1994.

Kerman, Gertrude, Cabeza de Vaca, Defender of the Indians, Harvey House, New York, 1974.

Mann, Charles C, 1491, New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, Vintage, New York, 2005.

Meyer, Michael C, Sherman, William L, and Deeds, Susan M, The Course of Mexican History, seventh edition, Oxford University Press, New York, 2003.

Page, Jake, In the Hands of The Great Spirit, The 20,000 Year History of American Indians, Free Press, New York, 2003.

Prescott, William H, History of the Conquest of Mexico, & History of the Conquest of Peru, Random House, New York, 1843, 1847.

Rogoziñski, Jan, A Brief History of the Caribbean, From the Arawak and Carib to the Present, revised edition, Penguin, New York, 1999.

Schafer, Joseph, PhD, A History of the Pacific Northwest, revised edition, Macmillan, New York, 1918.

Snell, Tee Loftin, The Wild Shores, America's Beginnings, National Geographic Society, Washington DC, 1974.

Sneve, Virginia Driving Hawk, The Sioux, Holiday House, New York, 1993.

Snow, Dean R, The Iroquois, Blackwell, Malden, 1996.

Wasserman, Keen, A History of Latin America, third edition, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1988.

Wickham, Chris, The Inheritance of Rome, Illuminating the Dark Ages, 400-1000, Viking, New York, 2009.

Winn, Peter, Americas, The Changing Face of Latin America and the Caribbean, Pantheon Books, New York, 1992.

Wood, Michael, Conquistadors, Uiniversity of California Press, Berkeley, 2000.


Ancient Civilisations


Asimov, Isaac, The Greeks, A Great Adventure, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1965.
Baumann, Hans, translator Stella Humphries, In the Land of Ur, The Discovery of Ancient Mesopotamia, Pantheon, New York, 1969.

Bede, The Venerable, Saint, translation Leo Sherley-Price, editor Betty Radice, Ecclesiastical History of the English People, With Bede's Letter to Egbert, and Cuthbert's Letter On The Death of Bede,  Penguin, London, 1955 & 1990.

Bengston, Hermann, The Greeks and the Persians from the Sixth to the Fourth Centuries, Delacorte, New York, 1965.

Bibby, Geoffrey, Looking For Dilmun, Signet, New York, 1969.
Boardman, John, et al, The Oxford History of the Classical World, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1986.

Bradley, Henry, The Goths, from the Earliest Times to the End of the Gothic Dominion in Spain, GP Putnam's Sons, New York, 1899.
Breasted, James Henry, A History of Egypt, From the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1909.

Bronowski, J, The Ascent of Man, Little, Brown, Boston, 1973.
Bury, JB, et al, editors, The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume IV, The Persian Empire and the West, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1930.

_______, editors, The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume V, Athens, 478-401 BC, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1958.

_______, editors, The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume VI, Macedon, 401-301 BC, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1953.

Caesar, Caius Julius General, Dictator, translation Anne & Peter Wiseman, introduction Barry Cunliffe & Peter Wiseman, The Battle for Gaul, David Godine, Boston, 1980.

_______, translation Jane F Gardner, The Civl War, Penguin Books, Hammonsworth, 1967.

Collins, Andrew, Ogilvie-Herald, Chris, Tutankhamun, The Exodus Conspiracy, The Truth Behind Archeologgy's Greatest Mystery, Virgin Books, London, 2002.
Comay, Joan, The Temple of Jerusalem, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, New York, 1971.
Cottrell, Leonard, The Anvil of Civilization, An Archaeological History of the Earliest Egyptians, Hittites, Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Greeks and Jews, The New American Library, New York, 1957.

Crossan, John Dominic, The Historical Jesus, The Life of a Mediterranean Jewish Peasant, Harper, San Francisco, 1992.

Crump, Donald J, editor, Splendors of the Past, Lost Cities of the Ancient World, National Geographic Society, Washington DC, 1981.
Cunliffe, Barry, The Oxford Illustrated Prehistory of Europe, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994.

Dothan, Trude and Moshe, People of the Sea, The Search for the Palestinians, Macmillian, New York, 1992.
_______, editors, The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume I, Part 2, Early History of the Middle East, third edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1971.
_______, editors, The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume II, Part 1, The Middle East and the Aegean Region, c1800-1380 BC, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1973.
_______, editors, The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume II, Part 2, The Middle East and the Aegean Region, c1380-1000 BC, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1973.

Fisher, Sydney Nettleton, The Middle East, A History, Alfred A Knopf, New York, 1962.

Fox, Robin Lane, Alexander The Great, Penguin, New York, 1973, 2004.

Freed, Rita, et al, Pharaohs of the Sun, Akhenaten · Nefertiti · Tutankhamen ·, Bulfinch Press, Boston, 1999.
Gaines, Ann, Herodotus and the Explorers of the Classical Age, Chelsea House, New York, 1994.
Glubok, Shirley, Discovering Tut-ankh-Amen's Tomb, MacMillan, New York, 1968.
Green, Peter, Alexander to Actium, The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1990.
Grimal, Nicolas, translation Shaw, A History of Ancient Egypt, Blackwell, Oxford, 1992.
Hamilton, Robert, Ancient Egypt, The Kingdom of the Pharaohs, Paragon, Bath, 2007.

Homer, translation Robert Fitzgerald, The Odyssey
, Doubleday, Garden City, 1963.
Hook, Brian, general editor, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of China, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1982.
Josephus, translaton GA Williamson, revisd E Mary Smallwood, The Jewish War, Penguin Books, Hammondsworth, 1981.
Kamm, Josephine, The Hebrew People, A History of the Jews From Biblical Times to the Present Day, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968.
Keller, Werner, editor Joachim Rebork, translation William Nell,  The Bible As History, second edition, William Morrow, New York, 1981.
Laing, Lloyd, Celtic Britain, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1979.
Lee, John WI, A Greek Army on the March, Soldiers and Survival in Xenophon's Anabasis, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2007.
Lewis, Naphtali, and Reinhold, Meyer,
editors, Roman Civilization, Sourcebook I: The Republic, Columbia University Press, New York, 1951.
Macqueen, JG,
The Hittites, and Their Conremporaries in Asia Minor, revised and enlarged edition, Thames and Hudson, London, 1986.
Matsas, Dimitris, editor, translation Dimitris Matsas and Bill Phelps, Samothrace, A Short Cultural Guide, second edition, Municipality of Samothrace, Athens, 2001.
McCullough, David Willis, Chronicles of the Barbarians, Firsthand Accounts of Pillage and Conquest, From the Ancient World to the Fall of Constantinople, Random House, New York, 1998.

McIntosh, Jane, Twist Clint, Civilizations, Ten Thousand Years of Ancient History, DK, London, 2001.
Meyerson, Daniel, The Linguist and the Emperor, Napoleon and Champollion's Quest to Decipher the Rosetta Stone, Random House, New York, 2004.

Pliny, translation, H Rackham, Natural History, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1938, & 1963.
Robinson, Francis, editor, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1989.
Saunders, Nicholas J, Alexander's Tomb, The Two Thousand Year Obsession to Find the Lost Conqueror, Basic Books, New York, 2006.

Smyth, Piazzi, The Great Pyramid, Its Secrets and Mysteries Revealed, fourth edition, Bell, New York, 1880, 1978.
Soren, David, et al, Carthage Uncovering the Mysteries and Splendors of Ancient Tunesia, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1990.

Wheeler, Mortimer, Flames Over Persepolis, Turning Point in History, Reynal, New York, 1968.
Wilks, John, The Illyrians, Blackwell, Oxford, 1992.




Babcock, Michael A, PhD, The Night Attila Died, Solving the Murder of Attila the Hun, Berkley, New York, 2005.

Brown, Robin, Marco Polo, Journey to the End of the Earth, Sutton, Thrupp, 2005.
Chambers, James, The Devil's Horsemen, the Mongol Invasion of Europe, revised edition, Cassel, Oxford, 1988.

Cottrell, Arthur, China, A Cultural History, updated edition, Mentor, New York, 1988.

Downey, Fairfax, The Grande Turke, Suleyman the Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottomans, Stanley Paul, London, 1928.

Edwards, Michael, A History of India, From the Earliest Times to the Present Day, Nel, London, 1961.
Glubb, John Bagot, Lt General Sir, The Empire of the Arabs, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1963.
Keay, John, The Honourable Company, A History of the East India Company, Macmillan, New York, 1991.
Kinross, John Patrick Douglas Balfour, Lord, The Ottoman Centuries, the Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire, Morrow Quill, New York, 1977.
Lenczowski George, The Middle East in World Affairs, fourth edition, Cornell University Press, Ithica, 1980.
Marshall, Robert, Storm From the East, From Genghis Khan to Khubilai Khan, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1993.

Mayor, Adrienne, The Poison King, Rome's Deadliest Enemy, The Life and Legend of Mithradates, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2010.

Menzies, Gavin, 1421 The Year China Discovered America, Harper, New York, 2003.
Morgan, David, The Mongols, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1986.

Munro, Hector H, The Rise of the Russian Empire, (Gutenberg), Grant Richards, London, 1900.
Ratchnevsky, Paul, translation Thomas Nivison Haining, Genghis Khan, His Life and Legacy, Blackwell, Oxford, 1991.
Rivlin, Benjamin and Szyliowicz, Joseph S, editors, The Contemporary Middle East, Tradition and Innovation, Random House, New York, 1965.


British Empire

Collier, Richard, The Great Indian Mutiny, Ballantine, New York, 1963.

Darling, Anthony D, Red Coat and Brown Bess, Museum Retoration Service, Bloomfield, 1971.

Farwell, Byron, Queen Victoria's Little Wars, Harper & Row, New York, 1972.

_______, Mr Kipling's Army, Norton, New York, 1981.

_______, The Armies of the Raj, From the Great Indian Mutiny to Independence: 1858-1947, Norton, New York, 1989.

Graham, Gerald S, A Concise History of the British Empire, Thames and Hudson, London, 1970.

Halévy, Élie, translation EJ Watkin, A History of the English People in 1815, Ark, London, 1987.
Hartland, Michael, Major, A Concise & Illustrated Military of Barbados, 1627-2007, Miller Publishing, St Thomas.

Haswell, Jock, The Battle for Empire, A Century of Anglo-French Conflict, Cassell, London, 1976.

Herman, Arthur, To Rule the Waves, How the British Navy Shaped the Modern World, Harper, New York, 2004.

Hopkirk, Peter, The Great Game, the Struggle For Empire in Central Asia, Kodansha International, New York, 1990.

James, Lawrence, The Rise and Fall of the British Empire, Abacus, London, 1994.

Longford, Countess Elizabeth, Victoria, R.I., Pan Books, London, 1964.

_______, Wellington, The Years of the Sword, World Books, London, 1971.

McLynn, Frank, 1759, the Year Britain Became Master of the World, Grove, New York, 2004.

Morgan, Kenneth O, editor, The Oxford Illustrated History of Britain, Oxford University, Oxford, 1984.

Morris, Donald R, The Washing of the Spears, Johnathan Cape Ltd, London, 1965.

Morris, Jan and Winchester, Simon, Stones of Empire, The Buildings of the Raj, Oxford University, Oxford, 1983.

Pakenham, Thomas, The Boer War, Avon Books, New York, 1979.

Reid, Stuart, British Redcoat, 1740-1793, Osprey, Oxford, 1996.

British North America

Anderson, Fred, Cruicible of War, The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754-1766, Vintage Books, New York, 2000.

Billings, Warren M, Jamestown and the Founding of the Nation, Thomas Publications, Gettysburg.

Brown, Richard D, editor, Major Problems in the Era of the American Revolution 1760-1791, Heath, Lexington, 1992.

Caffrey, Kate, The Lion & The Union; the Anglo-American War 1812-1815, Andre Deutsch, London, 1978.

Chartrand, René, Colonial American Troops 1610-1774 (1), Osprey, Oxford, 2002.

______, Colonial American Troops 1610-1774 (2), Osprey, Oxford, 2002.

_______, Colonial American Troops 1610-1774 (3), Osprey, Oxford, 2003.

Cooper, James Feminore, The Last of the Mohicans, Airmont, New York, 1826, 1962.

Cowles, Virginia, The Astors, The Story of a Transatlantic Family, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1979.

Dunnigan, Brian Leigh, revised edition, Siege - 1759, The Campaign Against Niagara,  Old Fort Niagara Association, Inc., Youngstown, 1996.

Flexner, James Thomas, Mohawk Baronet; A Biography of Sir William Johnson, Syracuse University Press, Boston, 1989.

Furneaux, Rupert, The Battle of Saratoga, George Allen & Unwin, London, 1971.

Hamilton, Edward P, editor Lewis Gannett, The French and Indian Wars, The Story of Battles and Forts in the Wilderness, Doubleday, Garden City, 1962.

Hill, William H, Old Fort Edward, Before 1800, Fort Edward, 1929.

Horowitz, David, The First Frontier, The Indian Wars & America's Origins: 1607-1776, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1978.

Katcher, Philip, The American Provincial Corps, 1775-1784, Osprey, Reading, 1773.

Keegan, John, Warpaths: Travels of a Military Historian in North America, Key Porter, New York, 1995.

_______, Fields of Battle, The Wars for North America, Vintage Books, New York, 1997.

Kemmer, Brenton C, Redcoats, Yankees and Allies, A History of the Uniforms, Clothing and Gear of the British Army in the Lake George-Lake Champlain Corridor 1755-1760, Heritage Books, Bowie, 1998.

Leckie, Robert, "A Few Acres of Snow", The Saga of the French and Indian Wars, Castle Books, Edison, 1999.

May, Robin, Embleton, Gerry, The British Army in North America, 1775-83, Osprey, Oxford, 1997.

Middleton, Richard, Colonial America, A History, 1607-1760, Blackwell, Cambridge, 1992.

Miller, Lee, Roanoke, Solving the Mystery of the Lost Colony, Arcade Publishing, New York, 2000.

Moore, Christopher, The Loyalists, Revolution, Exile, Settlement, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto, 1984.

Newman, Peter C, Company of Adventurers, Penguin, Toronto, 1985.

Parkman, Francis, Montcalm and Wolfe, reprint of original, by Collier Books, New York, 1884, 1962.

Petersen, Eugene T, Mackinac Island, Its History in Pictures, Mackinac, 1973.

Phillips, Kevin, The Cousins' Wars, Religion, Politics, & the Triumph of Anglo-America, Basic Books, New York, 1999.

Rosengarten, JG, translation Maximilian von Eelking, The German Allied Troops in the North American War of Independance, 1776-1783, Clearfield Reprints and Remainders, Baltimore, 1893, 1969.

Scott, James, The Settlement of Huron County, Ryerson Press, Toronto, 1966.

Smith, Alan, Virginia 1584-1607, The First English Settlement in North America, A Brief History, Theodore Brun, London, 1957.

Smith, William, Jr, edited by Michael Kammen, The History of the Province of New York, two volumes to 1762 based on Smith's original publication of 1757, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1972.

Steele, Ian K, Betrayals, Fort William Henry & the "Massacre", Oxford University, Oxford, 1990.

Stephenson, RS, Clash of Empires, the British, French & Indian War, 1754-1763, updated edition, ,Senator Heinz History Center, Pittsburgh, 2005.

Stone, William L Jr, The Life and Times of Sir William Johnson, Bart, two volumes, Albany, 1865.

Sweetman, John, Saratoga 1977, Part of Lieutenant-General Sir John Burgoyne's expedition against the American Colonies, Charles Knight, London, 1971.


Allen, Ralph, Ordeal By Fire, Canada 1910-1945, Doubleday, Toronto, 1961.

Berton, Pierre, The National Dream, McClelland and Stewart, Toronto, 1975.

_______, The Last Spike, McClelland and Stewart, Toronto, 1979.

_______, The Invasion of Canada, Anchor Canada, Toronto, 1980.

_______, Flames Across the Border, McClelland and Stewart, Toronto, 1981.

_______, Why We Act Like Canadians, Penguin, Markham, 1982.

_______, The Arctic Grail, The Quest for the North West Passage and the North Pole, Anchor Canada, Toronto, !988.

_______, My Country, The Remarkable Past, Penguin Books Canada, Toronto, 1991.

_______, Niagara, A History of the Falls, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto, 1992.

_______, and Brown, Craig R, editors, The Canadians, 1867-1967, Macmillan, Toronto, 1867.

Boulton, Charles Arkoll, Reminiscences of the North-West Rebellions, Grip, Toronto, 1886.

Bruce, Jean, The Last Best West, Fitzhenry & Whiteside, Toronto, Canadian Government, 1976.

Durnford, Hugh, editor, Heritage of Canada, Our Storied Past & Where to Find it, Reader's Digest, Montréal, 1978.

Careless, JMS, Canada, A Story of Challenge, MacMillan, Toronto, 1963.

Colquhoun, Arthur Hugh Urquhart, The Life and Letters of Sir John Willison, Journalist and Author, Toronto, 1935.

Costain, Thomas B, The White and the Gold, The French Regime in Canada, Doubleday, Toronto, 1954.

Coutts, Robert, On the Edge of the Frozen Sea, Prince of Wales' Fort, York Factory and the Fur Trade of Western Hudson Bay, Parks Canada, Winnipeg, 1997.

Craig, Gerald M, Upper Canada, The Formative Years, 1784-1841, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto, 1963.

Dendy, William, Lost Toronto,Images of the City's Past, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto, 1993.

Fischer, David Hackett, Champlain's Dream, Vintage Canada, Toronto, 2008.

Fraser, Blair, The Search for Identity, Canada: Postwar to the Present, Doubleday, Toronto, 1967.

Greenhouse, Brereton, Dragoon, The Centennial History of the Royal Canadian Dragoons, 1883-1983, RCD Guild, Ottawa, 1983.

Green, Ernest, F.R.H.S. History of the 2nd/10th Dragoons. C.A. and Antecedent Corps, 1812-1946, The Regiment, Niagara, 1962.

Hannon, Leslie F, Forts of Canada, Conflicts, Sieges, and Battles that Forged a Great Nation, McClelland and Stewart Ltd., Toronto, 1969.

Hardman, Ric, Fifteen Flags, Little, Brown, Boston, 1986.

Hardy, WG, From Sea Unto Sea, The Road to Nationhood, 1850-1910, Doubleday, Toronto, 1959.

Harmon, Maurice, editor, Fenians and Fenianism, Scepter Books, Dublin, 1968.

Harris, R Cole and Warkentin, John, Canada Before Confederation, A Study in Historical Geography, Carleton University Press, Ottawa, 1991.

Kubiak, William J, Great Lakes Indians, A Pictorial Guide, Bonanza, New York, 1970.

LaPierre, Laurier L, 1759, The Battle for Canada, McClelland and Stewart, Toronto, 1990.

Lotz, Jim, Canadians at War, Bison Books, London, 1990.

Mackenzie, Helen, manuscript, Pioneer Pickings At Fort George, Toronto, unpublished manuscript, c1928.

MacLaren, Roy, Canadians in Russia, 1918-1919, Macmillen Company, Toronto, 1976.

_______, Canadians on the Nile, 1882-1898, University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, 1978.

May, Robin, GA Embleton, Wolfe's Army, Osprey, London, 1974.

McGhee, Robert, Canada Rediscovered, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Ottawa, 1991.

McNaught, Kenneth, The Pelican History of Canada, Allen Lane, London, 1976.

Merrit, Richard, Butler, Nancy, and Power, Michael, The Capital Years, Niagara-on-the-Lake, 1792 - 1796, Dundurn Press, Toronto, 1991.

Morgan, Henry James, editor, Canadian Men and Women of the Time, A Handbook of Canadian Biography, first edition, William Briggs, Toronto, 1898.

Mowat, Farley, Ordeal By Ice, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto, 1960.

Raddall, Thomas H, The Path of Destiny, Canada From the British Conquest to Home Rule: 1763-1850, Doubleday, Toronto, 1957.

Robertson, Peter, Relentless Verity, Irréductible Vérité, Information Canada, Toronto, 1973.

Rich, EE, The Fur Trade and the Northwest to 1857, McClelland & Stewart, Toronto, 1967.

Rutledge, Joseph Lister, Century of Conflict, The Struggle Between the French and British in Colonial America, Doubleday, Toronto, 1956.

Seibel, George Alfred, Ontario's Niagara Parks, 100 Years, Niagara Falls, 1985.

Smucker, Barbara, Underground To Canada, Puffin Books, Toronto, 1977.

Stanley, George FG, Canada's Soldiers 1604-1954, the Military History of an Unmilitary People, MacMillan Ltd, Toronto, 1954.

_______, The War of 1812, Land Operations, Macmillan, National museums of Canada, 1983.

Turner, C Frank, Across the Medicine Line; The Epic Confrontation Between Sitting Bull and the North-West Mounted Police, McClelland and Stewart, Toronto, 1973.

Turner, Philip B, A New Day Dawning, Yet They Hung Her in Hartland, Provincial Artisans, Fredericton, 1999.

Willison, Sir John, Sir Wilfred Laurier and the Liberal Party, two volumes, George Morang and Co. Ltd., Toronto, 1903.

Young, Delbert A, The Mounties, PaperJacks, Don Mills, 1968.


Antiquities Department of the Republic of Cyprus, Kolossi Castle, A Guide, Antiquities Department, Nicosia, undated.

Binney, Marcus, Chateaux of the Loire, Architectural Guides for Travellers, Chronical Books, San Francisco, 1992.

Borg, Alan, Arms and Armour in Britain, HMSO, London, 1979.

Burke, John, Life in the Castle in Mediaeval England, Rowman and Littlefield, Totowa, 1978.

Coad, Jonathan, and Coppack, Glyn, Castle Acre Castle and Priory, Norfolk, English Heritage, London, 1998.

Conti, Flavio, translation Patrick Creagh, The Grand Tour, Homes of Kings, HBJ Press, Boston, 1978.

Field, DM, Great Palaces, Optimum Books, New York, 1982.

Gascoigne, Christina, Castles of Britain, Putnam's, New York, 1975.

Gravett, Christopher, Norman Stone Castles (1), The British Isles 1066-1216, Osprey, London, 2003.

_______, Norman Stone Castles (2), Europe, 950-1204 , Osprey, London, 2004.

_______, Castle, Dorling Kindersley, London, 1994.

Guinness, Desmond, Ryan William, Irish Houses and Castles, Viking Press, New York, 1971.

Halmer, Felix, Castles in Austria, Bundesministerium fur Handel und Weideraufbau, Vienna, 1966.

Holmes, Sir Richard Rivington, KCVO, Windsor, Black, London, 1908.

Kiyoshi, Hirai, translation Hiroaki Sato and Jeannine Ciliotta, Feudal Architecture of Japan, Weatherhill, New York, 1973.

Lawrence, TE, Crusader Castles, Immel Publishing, London, 1936, re-published 1992.

Liddiard, Robert, Dr, Castle Rising, King's Lynn - Norfolk, c2001.

MacNeil, The ...of Barra, Castle in the Sea, Collins, Glasgow, 1964.

Nicolle, David, Crusader Castles in the Holy Land, 1192-1302 , Osprey, Botley, 2005.

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Rogers, Michael, The Making of the Past, The Spread of Islam, Elsevier-Phaidon, Oxford, 1976.

Scarre, Chris, Timelines of the Ancient World: A Visual Chronology From the Origins of Life to AD 1500,

Short, John Rennie, The World Through Maps: a History of Cartography, Firefly, Toronto, 2003.

Symonds, Craig L, A Battlefield Atlas of the American Revolution, Nautical & Aviation, Baltimore, 1986.


Kennedy, Paul, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, Random House, New York, 1987.

Knorr, Klaus, A World Politics Reader: Power Strategy, and Security, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1983.

Luard, Evan, International Society, New Amsterdam Books, New York, 1990.

Machiavelli, Niccolo, translation Robert M Adams, The Prince, Norton, New York, 1977.

Marsh, Robin L, FRGS, Geographical Fun, Wychwood Editions, 1990.

Miliukov, Paul, et al, translation Charles Lam Markham from the French edition, Librarie, Paris, 1932, History of Russia, Volumes I, II, III, Funk and Wagnalls, New York, 1968.

Miller, Lynn H, Global Order, Values and Power in International Politics, Westview Press, Boulder, 1990.

Morgenthau, Hans J, Politics Among Nations, the Struggle for Power and Peace, fifth edition, Alfred A Knopf, New York, 1973.

Nathan, James A, Oliver, James K, United States Foreign Policy and World Order, fourth edition, Scott, Foresman, Glenview, 1989.

Paret, Peter, editor, Makers of Modern Strategy, from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1986.

Polk, William R, Neighbors and Strangers, The Fundamentals of Foreign Affairs, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1997.

Shannon, Thomas Richard, An Introduction to the World-System Perspective, Westview Press, Boulder, 1989.

Spero, Joan Edelman, The Politics of International Economic Relations, fourth edition, St. Martin's Press, New York, 1990.

Stoessinger, John G, Why Nations Go to War, fourth edition, St. Martin's Press, New York, 1985.

Van Doren, Charles, A History of Knowledge, Past Present and Future, Carol, New York, 1991.


Bloch, Marc, translation L A Manyon, Feudal Society, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1961.

Boutell, Charles, Brooke-Little, JP, Richmond Herald of Arms, Boutell's Heraldry, revised edition, Frederick Warne, London, 1973.

Burke, Bernard, Ulster King of Arms, Viccissitudes of Families and Other Essays, Longman, Green, Longman, and Roberts, London, 1860.

Collie, George F, Highland Dress, King Penguin, London, 1948.
Fairbairn, James, Fairbairn's Book of Crests of the Families of Great Britian and Ireland, fourth edition in two volumes, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1905.

Fitzsimons, Bernard, editor, Heraldry & Regalia of War, Beekman House, New York, 1973.

Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles, The Art of Heraldry, Bloomsbury, London, 1904, 1986.

_______, A Complete Guide to Heraldry, Bracken, London, 1929, 1993.

Grosvenor, Melville Bell, editor, The Age of Chivalry, National Geographic Press, Washington DC, 1969.

Guillim, John, A Display of Heraldry, London, 1611.

Heynen, Claes, Gelre Herald, manuscript, Armorial de Gelre, Duke of Gueldres, Brussels, c1360.

Jamieson, Andrew Stewart, Coats of Arms, Pitkin, Andover, 1998

Moncreiffe, Sir Iain of that Ilk, Bt, OSTI, PhD, FSA, Advocate, Albany Herald of Arms, and Pottinger, Don, OSTI, MA (Hons), DA, Unicorn Pursuivant of Arms, Islay Herald of Arms, Simple Heraldry, revised, John Bartholomew & Son Ltd., Edinburgh, 1978.
Robson, Thomas, The British Herald, or Cabinet of Armorial Bearings of the Nobility & Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland From the Earliest to the Present Times, volume 1, Turner & Marwood, London, 1830.

Rogers, HCB, Colonel, The Pagent Of Heraldry, An Explanation of Its Principles & Its Uses Today, Seeley Service, London, 1955.

Stein, Barry Jason, U.S. Army Heraldic Crests, University of South Carolina, Columbia, 1993.

Wise, Terrance, Hook, Richard, Walker, William, Mediaeval Heraldry Osprey, London, 1980.

Woodcock, Thomas, and Robinson, John Martin, The Oxford Guide to Heraldry, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1988.


Cahill, Thomas, How The Irish Saved Civilization, Doubleday, New York, 1995.

Cambrensis, Geraldus (aka Gerald of Wales, Gerald de Barri), Expugnatio Hibernica, manuscript c1190, edited by Frederick J Furnivall as basis of The English Conquest of Ireland, A.D. 1166-1185, Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., Ltd., London, 1846.

Connolly, SJ, editor, The Oxford Companion to Irish History , Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998.

Curtis, Edmund, A History of Ireland, From Earliest Times to 1922, sixth edition, Routledge, London, 2002.

De Brefnora eny, Brian, Castles of Ireland, Thames and Hudson, London, 1977.

Ellis, Berresford Peter, The Celtic Empire, The First Millenium of Celtic History 1000 BC-51AD, Constable, Bury St Edmunds,1990.

Foster, RF, editor, The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998.

Grenham, John, Clans and Families of Ireland, CLB Publishing, Godalming, 1994.

_______, An Illustrated History of Ireland, CLB Publishing, Godalming, 1997.

Levy, Patricia Marjorie, Ireland, Marshall Cavendish, NewYork, 1994.

McCarthy, Tony, The Irish Roots Guide, Lilliput Press, Dublin, 1991.

McCullough, David William, editor, Wars of the Irish Kings, A Thousand Years of Struggle From the Age of Myth Through the Reign of Queen Elizabeth I, Crown, New York, 2000.

Orpen, Godderd Henry, ,Ireland Under the Normans, four volumes, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1911.

Pakenham, Thomas, The Year of Liberty, the Great Irish Rebellion of 1798, revised & abridged, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1997.

Thomas, Charles, Britain and Ireland In Early Christian Times, AD 400 - 800, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1971.


Anonymous, The History of the Feuds and Conflicts Among the Clans in the Northern Parts of Scotland and in the Western Isles: from the year M.XX1 unto M.B.C.XIX, Foulis Press, Edinburgh, 1764, "first published from a manuscript wrote in the reign of King James VI".

Burke's, The Burke's Peerage World Book of MacKenzies, Halberts's Family Heritage, USA, 1944.

Dunlop, Jean Ph.D. The Clan Mackenzie, Johnston and Bacon Ltd., Edinburgh, 1953.

Eyre-Todd, George, Highland Clans of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1923.

Mackenzie MJI, Sir Alexander, History of the Mackenzies, With Genealgies of the Principal Families of the Name, revised edition, Scottish Highlander, Inverness,, 1894.

_______, A History of the Highland Clearances, Edinburgh, 1883.

Mackenzie, Sir George of Tarbat, Earl of Cromartie, manuscript, History of the Clan Mackenzie, Edinburgh, c1650.
Mackenzie, Sir George, Baron of Rosehaugh, manuscript, Scotland's Herauldrie, the Science of Herauldrie treated as a part of the Civil law and Law of Nations, Inverness, 1680.

Mackenzie Mackenzie, Sir E, Bart, manuscript, The Genealogy of the Stem of the Family of Mackenzie, Marquesses and Earls of Seaforth, Melbourne, 1904.

McNie, Alan, Clan Mackenzie, extensively revised, Cascade, Jedburgh, 1988.

Round, J Harold, The Ancestor, London, 1902.

Myth & History

Andersen, Hans Christian, translated by Mrs EV Lucas,and Mrs HB Paull, Andersen's Fairy Tales, Grosset & Dunlap, New York, 1915.

Ashe, Geoffrey, The Landscape of King Arthur, Henry Holt, New York, 1987.
Baigent, Michael, Leigh, Richard, Lincoln, Henry, Holy Blood, Holy Grail, Dell Publishing, New York, 1982.
_______, The Jesus Papers, HarperSanFrancisco, New York, 2006.

Baird, Duncan, editor, Myth and Mankind, Epics of Early Civilization, Time-Life Books, Duncan Baird, London, 1998.

Baldwin, Gordon C, Talking Drums to Written Word, How Early Man Learned to Communicate, Norton, New York, 1970.

Burl, Aubrey, Ring of Stone, The Prehistoric Stone Circles of Britain and Ireland, Ticknor and Fields, New Haven & New York, 1979.

Chaucer, Geoffrey, a selection edited by Donald Howard, The Canterbury Tales, Signet, New York, 1969.

Chute, Marchette, Geoffrey Chaucer of England, EP Dutton, New York, 1946.

Claiborne, Robert, The Roots of English, A Reader's Handbook of Word Origins, Timesbooks, New York, 1989.

Clarke, Ella E, Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1953.
Clark, Grahame, World Prehistory, In New Perspective, third edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1977.

Cottrell, Leonard, Land of the Two Rivers, World Press, New York, 1962.
Frantz, Jennifer, Totem Poles, Grosset & Dunlap, New York, 2001.

Fraser, George MacDonald, The Candlemass Road, Harper Collins, London, 1993.

Funk, Wilfred, Litt.D., Word Origins, An Explorartion and History of Words and Language, Wings Books, New York, 1950.

Gantz, Geffrey, editor and translator, Early Irish Myths and Sagas, Penguin, Penguin, London, 1981.

Gorst, Martin, Measuring Eternity, The Search for the Beginning of Time, Broadway Books, New York, 2001.
Gray, John, Near Eastern Mythology, Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, Hamlyn, London, 1969.

Grim, Brothers, translated by Mrs EV Lucas, Lucy Crane, and Marian Edwardes, Grimms' Fairy Tales, Grosset & Dunlap, New York, 1915.

Hallendy, Norman, Inuksuit, Silent Messengers of the Arctic, Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver, 2000.
Hamilton, Edith, Mythology, Little Brown, Boston, 1942.

Heaney, Seamus, translator, Beowulf, WW Norton, New York, 2000.

Jones, Prudence, and Pennick, Nigel, A History of Pagan Europe, Routledge, London, 1995.

King, Dean, A Sea of Words, A Lexicon and Companion For Patrick O'Brian's Seafaring Tales, third edition, Henry Holt, New York, 1995, 2000.

Klaeber, Fr, editor, Beowulf, and The Fight at Finnsburg, third edition, DC Heath, Boston, 1950.

Leakey, Richard E, Lewin, Roger, Origins, EP Dutton, New York, 1977.

Malory, Sir Thomas, translated by Keith Baines from the Winchester manuscript, Oxford, 1947, Le Morte d'Arthur, King Arthur and the Legends of the Round Table, Bramhall House,New York, 1962.

Mann, William F, The Knights Templar in the New World, How Henry Sinclair Brought the Grail to Acadia, Destiny, Rochester, 1999, 2004.

Marcatante, John, Tales from World Epics, Amsco, New York, 1990.

Meaden, Terence, Stonehenge, The Secret of the Solstice, Souvenir Press, London, 1997.

Morris, Desmond, The Naked Ape, Triad Grafton, London, 1967.

Perrottet, Tony, Pagan Holiday, On the Trail of Ancient Roman Tourists, Random House, New York, 2002.

Polo, Marco, writer Rusticiano of Pisa, footnotes by Sir H Yule, The Travels of Marco Polo, Heron Books reprint, Geneva, French manuscript 1299, eighth revision 1951.

Pyles, Thomas, Algeo, John, The Origins and Development of the English Language, forth edition, Thomson Heinle, Boston, 1993.

Ransome, Arthur, Old Peter's Russian Tales, Puffin Books, Harmondsworth, 1916.

Renault, Mary, The King Must Die, Longmans, 1958.

Scheer, George F, Cherokee Animal Tales, Holiday House, New York 1968.

Serraillier, Ian, The Challenge of the Green Knight, Henry Z Walck, New York, 1967.

Sobel, Dava, Longitude, The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time, Fourth Estate, London, 1995.

Squire, Charles, Celtic Myths and Legends, Lomond Books, Bath, 2001.

Swanton, John R, Myths and Tales of the Southwest Indians, University of Oklahoma, Norman, 1995.

Truss, Lynne, Eats, Shoots & Leaves; The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation, Profile Books, London, 2003.

Velikovsky, Immanuel, Wolds in Collision, Doubleday, New York, 1952.

Williams, Jay, The Horn of Roland, Thomas Y Crowell, New York, 1968.

Winchester, Simon, The Meaning of Everything, The Story of the Oxford English Dictionary, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004.
Yue, Charlotte and David, The Wigwam and the Longhouse, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 2000.

Zangger, Eberhard, The Flood From Heaven, Deciphering the Atlantis Legend, William Morrow, New York, 1992.

Zenkovsky, Serge A, editor, Mediaeval Russia's Epics, Chronicals, and Tales, Meridian, New York, 1974.


Chandler, David, Waterloo, The Hundred Days, Osprey Publishing, London, 1980.

_______, Napoleon, Saturday Review Press, New York, 1973.

Connelly, Owen, Blundering To Glory, Napoleon's Military Campaigns, SR Books, Wilmington, 1987.

Clausewitz, General Carl von, The Campaign of 1812, Greenhill Books, London, 1992.

Durant, Will & Ariel, The Age Of Napoleon, The Story Of Civilization, MJF Books, New York, 1975.

Epton, Nina, Josephine; The Empress and Her Children, WW Norton, New York, 1975.

Guedalla, Philip, The Duke, The Reprint Society, London, 1940.

Hamilton-Williams, David, Waterloo New Perspectives, The Great Battle Reappraised, Wiley, New York, 1993.

Herold, J Christopher, The Age of Napoleon, American Heritage Publishing Co., New York, 1963.

Longford, Elizabeth, Wellington, The Years of the Sword, Harper and Row, New York, 1969.

McDonough, James, The Limits of Glory, Presidio Press, Novato, 1991.

Markham, Felix, Napoleon, Mentor, New York, 1963.

Naylor, John, Waterloo, Pan Books, London, 1960.

Neillands, Robin, Wellington and Napoleon, Clash of Arms 1807-1815, John Murray, London, 1994.

Roberts, Andrew, Napoleon and Wellington, Phoenix, London, 2001.

Siborne, Major-General HT, editor, Waterloo Letters, Greenhill Books, London, 1891, 1993.

Siborne, Captain W, History of the Waterloo Campaign, Greenhill Books, London, 1848, 1990.


Denny, Norman, and Filmer-Sankey, Josephine, The Bayeux Tapestry, the Story of the Norman Conquest, 1066, Atheneum, New York, 1966.

Geoffrey Ashe, Kings and Queens of Early Britain, Academy Chicago Publishers, Chicago, 1982.

Brown, R Allen, The Normans, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 1984.

Douglas, David C, William The Conqueror, The Norman Impact on England, University of California Press, Berkely, 1964.

Fettu, Annie, translation Brian Greenhalgh, William the Conqueror, OREP, Cully, 2004.

Gravett, Christopher, Hastings 1066, The Fall of Saxon England, Osprey, London, 1992.

Howarth, David, 1066 The Year Of The Conquest, Viking Press, New York, 1977.

Humble, Richard, The Fall of Saxon England, St Martin's Press, New York, 1975.

Linklater, Eric, The Conquest of England, Doubleday, New York, 1966.

Musset, L, Professor, The Bayeux Tapistry, Artaud Frères, Nantes, ,

Parker, Michael St John, William the Conqueror and the Battle of Hastings, Pitkin, Andover, 1996.

Poole, AL, Domesday Book to Magna Carta, 1087-1216, second edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1951.

Walker, David, The Normans in Britain, Blackwell, Oxford, 1995.

Williams, Ann, The English and the Norman Conquest, Boydell, Woodbridge, 1995.

Wood, Michael, Domesday, A Search for the Roots of England, Facts on File Publications, New York, 1986.

_______, In Search of the Dark Ages, Facts on File Publications, New York, 1987.

Wise, Terence, Embleton, GA, Saxon, Viking and Norman, Osprey, London, 1979.




Clifford, Barry, The Lost Fleet, the Discovery of a Sunken Armada From the Golden Age of Piracy, William Morrow, New York, 2002.

Cruikshank, LLD, FRSC FR, Hist S, Brig-General, The Life of Sir Henry Morgan, With an Account of The English Settlement of The Island of Jamaica (1655-1688), MacMillan, Toronto, 1935.
Davis, William C, The Pirates Laffite, The Treacherous World of the Corsairs of the Gulf, first edition, Orlando, 2005.
Lewis, Jon E, editor, The Mammoth book of Pirates, Carroll & Graf, New York, 2006.
Rogoziński, Jan, Pirates, Brigands, Buccaneers, and Privateers in Fact, Fiction, and Legend, Facts on File, New York, 1995.
Williams, Lloyd Haynes, Pirates of Colonial Virginia, Dietz Press, Richmond, 1937.




Burrows, Millar, The Dead Sea Scrolls, Viking Press, New York, 1955.

Friedman, Richard Elliot, Who Wrote The Bible?, Harper & Row, New York, 1987.

Girzone, Joseph F, Joshua in the Holy Land, Macmillan, New York, 1992.

Goldsworthy, Graeme, Gospel & Kingdom; A Christian Interpretation of the Old Testament, Lancer, Exeter, 1988.

Green, Michael, Who Is This Jesus?, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1990.

Heer, Friedrich, editor, The Fires of Faith AD 312-1204, Newsweek, New York, 1970.

Hillgarth, JN, editor, Christianity and Paganism, 350-750, the Conversion of Western Europe, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1986.

Malinowski, Bronislaw, Magic, Science and Religion and Other Essays, Doubleday, New York, 1954.

McGrath, Alister, In the Beginning: The Story of the King James Bible and How It Changed a Nation, a Language and a Culture, Doubleday, New York, 2001.

_______, Knowing Christ, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 2001.

Parrinder, Geoffrey, editor, World Religions From Ancient History to the Present, Hamlyn, New York, 1971.

Ryan, William and Walter Pitman, Noah's Flood, The New Scientific Discoveries About The Event That Changed History, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1998.

Spong, John Shelby, Liberating the Gospels: Reading the Bible With Jewish Eyes, Harper, New York, 1996.

_______, Why Christianity Must Change or Die, Harper, New York, 19968

Yadin, Yigael, translation Moshe Pearlman, Masada, Herod's Fortress and the Zealots' Last Stand, Steimatszky's Agency, Jerusalem, 1966.

Roman Empire

Asimov, Isaac, The Roman Empire, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1967.

Boorstin, Daniel J, The Creators, Random House, New York, 1992.

Bury, JB, et al, editors, The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume VIII, Rome and the Mediterranean, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1930.

Calmette, Joseph, translation Doreen Weightman, The  Golden Age of Burgundy, the Magnificent Dukes and Their Courts, WW Norton, New York, 1962.

Campbell, Duncan B , Roman Legionary Fortesses, 27 BC-AD 378 , Osprey, Botley, 2006.

Christie, Neil, The Peoples of Europe: The Lombards, The Ancient Longobards, Blackwell, Oxford, 1998.

Cowan, Ross, Roman Legionary, 58 BC-69 AD, Osprey, Botley, 2003.
_______, Imperial Roman Legionary, AD 161-284, Osprey, Botley, 2003.

Craig, Gordon A, The Germans, Meridian, New York, 1982, 1993.

Croce, Bernadetto, translation Henry Furst, History of Europe in the Nineteenth Century, Harbinger, New York, 1933.

Ellis, Peter Beresford, Celt and Roman, The Celts in Italy, Constable, London, 1998.

Fields, Nic , Rome's Northern Frontier, AD 70-235, Beyond Hadrian's Wall , Osprey, Botley, 2005.

Gibbon, Edouard, Histoire de la Décandence et de la chute de l'Empire Romain, Maigret et Fournier, Paris, 1841.

_______, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, three volumes, Random House, New York.c1940.

Grant, Michael, The Ancient Mediterranean, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1969.

_______, The Etruscans, Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1980.

Hampton, Christopher, The Etruscan Survival, Doubleday, New York, 1969.

Heather, Peter, The Fall of the Roman Empire, A New History of Rome and the Barbarians, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2006.

James, Edward, The Franks, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1988.

Jiménez, Ramon L, Caesar Against the Celts, Castle Books, Edison, 1996.

Johnson, Douglas, A Concise History Of France, Viking Press, New York, 1971.

King, William B, and O'Brien, Frank, The Balkans, Frontier of Two Worlds, Alfred A Knopf, New York, 1947.

Langguth, AJ, A Noise of War, Caesar, Pompey, Octavian and the Struggle For Rome, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1994.

MacKendrick, Paul, The Greek Stones Speak, The Story of Archaeology in Greek Lands, St Martin's, New York, 1962.

Marek, George R, The Eagles Die, Franz Joseph, Elizabeth, and Their Austria, Harper and Row, New York, 1974.

Mellersh, HEL, The Roman Soldier, Taplinger, New York, 1964.

Mommsen, Theodor, editor Thomas Wiedemann, translation Clare Krojzl, A History of Rome under the Emperors, Routledge, London, 1995.

Morgan, Gwyn, 69 AD, The Year of Four Emperors, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2006.

Richardson, Emeline, The Etruscans, Their Art and Civilization, University of Chicago, Chicago, 1964.

Robinson, James Harvey and Breasted, James Henry, Outlines of European History, Part I, Ginn, Boston, 1914.

Sandars, NK, The Sea Peoples, Warriors of the Ancient Mediterranean, 1250-1150 BC, Thames and Hudson, London, 1978.

Seymour, Frederick, Up Hill and Down Dale in Ancient Etruria. T Fisher Unwin, London, 1910.

Simkins, Michael, The Roman Army, from Caesar to Trajan (Revised Edition), Osprey, London, 1984.

Stewart, Philippa, editor, The Celts, Macdonald Educational, London, 1977.

Walter, Gerard, translation Emma Craufurd, Caesar, volume 1, Cassell, London, 1953.

Wells, Colin, Sailing from Byzantium, How a Lost Empire Shaped the World, Delta, New York, 2006.

Werner, Karl Ferdinand, Childéric - Clovis, Rois des Francs 482-1983, de Tournai à Paris, Naissance d'une Nation, Administration de la Ville de Tournai, Tournai, 1983.

Williams, Derek, The Reach of Rome, A History of the Roman Imperial Frontier 1st-5th Centuries AD, St Martin's, New York, 1997.

Wolfram, Herwig, translated by Thomas J Dunlap, History of the Goths, second edition, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1979.

Wooten, Geoffrey, Waterloo 1815, The Birth of Modern Europe, Osprey, London, 1992.


Bain, Robert, History of the Ancient Province of Ross, Edinburgh, 1968.

_______, The Clans and Tartans of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1969.

Barbour, J, editor, translation G Eyre Todd, The Brus, Edinburgh, 1967.

Barthorp, Michael, Embleton, GA, The Jacobite Rebellions 1689-1745, Osprey, London, 1982.

Collins Gem Guide, Clans and Tartans, second edition, Harper Collins, Glasgow, 1991.

Coombie Books, Landscapes of Scotland, Coombie Books, Singapore, 1991.

Dickinson, W Croft, revision AAM Duncan, Scotland, from the Earliest Times to 1603, Oxford Univerity Press, Oxford, 1977.

Donaldson, Gordon, Scottish Kings, Barnes & Noble Books, New York, 1967.

Fraser, Lady Antonia, Mary Queen of Scots, Delacorte Press, New York, 1969.

Fraser, George MacDonald, The Steel Bonnets, Alfred A Knopf, New York, 1972.

Harrington, Peter, Culloden 1746, The Highland Clans' Last Charge, Osprey, London, 1991.

Henderson, Dr Diana M. The Scottish Regiments, Harper Collins, Glasgow, 1993.

Herman, Arthur, How the Scots Invented the Modern World, Three Rivers Press, New York, 2001.

Laing, Lloyd and Lloyd Jenny, The Picts and the Scots, Alan Sutton, Stroud, 1993.

Lynch, Michael, Scotland, A New History, Century Ltd., London, 1991.

Mackenzie, Sir George Steuart, A General View of the Agriculture of the Counties of Ross and Cromartie, Edinburgh, 1813.

Mackie, JD Prof., A History of Scotland, second edition, Penguin Books, London, 1978.

Maclean, Fitzroy, Scotland, A Concise History, revised, Thames and Hudson, London, 1993.

Macleod, Donald, Gloomy Memories in the Highlands of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1857.

McLynn, Frank, Bonnie Prince Charlie, Oxford University Press New York, 1991.

Prebble, John, Culloden, Penguin Books, London, 1961.

_______, The Highland Clearances, Penguin Books, London, 1963.

_______, Glencoe, Penguin Books, London, 1966.

Reid, Stuart, Chappell, Mike, 18th Century Highlanders, Osprey, London, 1993.

Royal Archives, Stuart Papers, Windsor Castle.

Scott, Ronald McNair, Robert The Bruce, King of Scots, Peter Bedrick Books, New York, 1989.

Steel, Tom, Scotland's Story, Fontana, London, 1985

Stuart, Margaret and Paul, James Balfour, Scottish Family History, Edinburgh, 1930.

Tranter, Nigel, The Steps to the Empty Throne, Ballantine, New York, 1969.

_______, The Path of the Hero King, Ballantine, New York, 1970.

_______, The Price of the King's Peace, Ballantine, New York, 1971.


Berlin, Ira, Many Thousands Gone, The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America , Belknap Press, Cambridge, 1998.
Berlin, Ira, et al, editors, Freedom, A Documentary History of Emancipation, Series I, Volume I, The Destruction of Slavery, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1985.
Goodwin, Doris Kearns, Team of Rivals, the Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln, Simon & Schuster, New York, 2005.

Hazelwood, Nick, The Queen's Slave Trader, John Hawkins, Elizabeth I, and the Trafficking in Human Souls, William Morrow, New York, 2004.
Horton, James Oliver and Lois E, Slavery and the Making of America, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2005.

Lewis, Bernard, Race and Slavery in the Middle East, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994.
McMillan, Beverly C, editor, Captive Passage, The Transatlantic Slave Trade and the Making of the Americas, Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, 200.
Mullin, Gerald W, Flight and Rebellion, Slave Resistance in Eighteenth-Century Virginia, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1972.
Palmer, Colin A, The First Passage, Blacks in the Americas 1502-1617, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995.

Schwartz, Marie Jenkins, Born in Bondage, Growing Up in the Antebellum South, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 2000.
Walvin, James, A Short History of Slavery, Penguin, London, 2007.


Bergthórsson, Páll, The Wineland Millennium, Saga and Evidence, Mál og Menning, Reykjavik, 2000.
Bertman, Stephen, PhD, Doorways Through Time, the Romance of Archaeology, Jeremy P Tarcher, Los Angeles, 1986.

Clements, Jonathan, The Vikings, the Last Pagans of the First Modern Europeans?, Robinson, London, 2005.

Cohat, Yves, translation Ruth Daniel, The Vikings, Lords of the Seas, Thames and Hudson, London, 1992.

Fitzhugh, William W, Ward, Elizabeth I, editors, Vikings, The North Atlantic Saga, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 2000.

Foote, Peter G, and Wilson David M, The Viking Achievement, The Society and Culture of Early Medieval Scandinavia, Sidgwick & Jackson, London,1970.

Graham-Campbell, James, Kidd, Dafydd, The Vikings, The British Museum, London, 1980.

Jones, Gwyn, A History of the Vikings, revised edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001.

Karlsson, Gunnar, Iceland's 1100 Years, History of a Marginal Society, Hurst, London, 2000.

Klindt-Jensen, Ole, and Ehrèn, Svendolov, translation Christopher Gibbs and George Unwin, The World of the Vikings, Luce Inc, Washington, 1970.

Logan, F Donald, The Vikings in History, second edition, Routledge, London, 1991.

McLynn, Frank, 1066, The Year of the Three Battles, Pimlico, London, 1999.

Mowat, Farley, WestViking, The Ancient Norse in Greenland and North America, McCllend and Stewart, Toronto, 1973.

O'Brien, Harriet, Queen Emma and the Vikings, A History of Power, Love and Greed in Eleventh-Century England, Bloomsbury, New York, 2005.
Page, RI, Chronicles of the Vikings, Records, Memorials and Myths, British Museum Press, London, 1995.

Roesdahl, Else, translation Susan M Margeson and Kirsten Williams, The Vikings, Allen Lane, Penguin Press, London, 1987.

Rying, Bent, editor, translation Reginald Spink, Danish in the South and the North, Denmark, Introduction . Prehistory, volume 1, Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Copenhagen, 1981.

Sturlson, Snorri, translation Magnus Magnusson and Hermann Pálsson, King Harald's Saga, Harald Hardradi of Norway, Penguin, London, 1966.

Thorsson, Õrnólfur, editor, translation by Katrina C Attwood, et al, The Sagas of Icelanders, Penguin, New York, (Leifur Eiriksson), 1997.

Wilson, David M, The Vikings and Their Origins, Scandinavia In the First Millennium, Thames and Hudson, London, 1989.


Davies, Kath, Wales, Steck-Vaughn, Austin, 1991.

Chadwick, Nora, The Celts, Penguin, London, 1971.
Goodrich, Norma Lorre, King Arthur, Harper & Row, New York, 1986.

Lloyd, JE, MA, Dlitt, History of Wales, Ernest Benn, London, 1930.

Maund Kari, The Welsh Kings, The Mediaeval Rulers of Wales, Tempus, Stroud, 2002.

Nennius, edited by Paul Halsall, Historia Brittonum, manuscript with various translations, Britain, eighth century.

Nennius, translation & editor John Morris, British Histry and the Welsh Annals, Phillmore, Lonon, 1980.

Powell, TGE, general editor Glyn Daniel, The Celts, Thames and Hudson, London, 1958, 1980.

Vaughan-Thomas, Wynford, A History of Wales, Michael Joseph, London, 1985.

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