AMERICAN PROVINCIAL, MILITIA, AND LOYALIST CORPS: - 1783

Introduction

Most American colonies formed military units and imposed a near-universal military service obligation for male settlers almost immediately as their settlements were established. Men were obliged to obtain muskets and swords and attend periodic training. The resulting units were frequently at the company level, and the men were usually unpaid. After the British victory in the Seven Year's War, Pitt ordered the British army to maintain several units in North America and the Caribbean. Clearly Canada's military history is largely based on either French, or British regular units until the influx of 'Loyalists' fleeing the American Revolution.

Militias were organised in each colony beginning in 1610 with Governor de la Warr's arrival at Jamestown Virginia. In 1622 400 settlers were killed in a fierce Indian attack and the colonies began to take defence seriously. The colonies chose to regulate their militias by individual colonial Militia Acts to legitimise service and pay. Although each colony acted in its own self interests and the results of their militia establishments varied considerably, the militias created large bodies of at least semi-trained men. In 1667, Massachusetts Bay had 30,000 militiamen; in 1754, Virginia had 30,000 militiamen; in 1756, New Jersey had 13,000 militiamen; in 1757, South Carolina had 6,123 militiamen; in 1759, Connecticut had 2,800 militiamen; in 1759, Rhode Island had 2,600 militiamen; in 1774, New York had 32,000 militiamen in 26 regiments; the other colonies had smaller militias. In 1758, General Abercrombie hired an additional 1,600 armed boat-men to carry supplies by canoe to support various garrisons and deployed units. As the later results of the American Revolution demonstrated these men were not the equal of the highly-disciplined British units, but they had gained critical experience routed the British at Boston, Saratoga, and Yorktown.

The first provincials were raised in 1746 in Virginia, whose assembly voted £4,000 for 100 provincial soldiers. Militia and provincial regiments were distinguished separately because of different legal boundaries to their employment. Basically militia employment was limited to local defence and minimal detachments away from their home areas, while provincial units were subject to wider deployments for longer periods. In fact, the 1759 Militia Act created authority for North Carolina to deploy her militia against a common enemy beyond her borders. In keeping with their different mandates, militias and provincials were both equipped and paid at different levels. In keeping with their local nature, most militia regiments were infantry. In the north the militia were faced by the French and Indians: in the south the militia faced the Spanish, Indians, and slave revolts. The militias frequently were unpaid and poorly equipped. The provincials were usually paid and equipped with both uniforms and weapons.

Rangers were raised by company, although some ranger corps consisted of several companies. The rangers were often detached as independent companies, even if part of a larger ranger corps. Rangers were intended to fight in the woods against the French Indian allies, Métis, and Canadians. Rangers were formed from both colonial woodmen and Indian allies; were prepared to live off the land, and were lightly equipped. Like their colonial militia and provincial counterparts the rangers were usually authorised annually.

A total of perhaps c80,000 men served Britain in the units below, c40,000 of them as Loyalists during the American Revolution. There were a total of 312 Provincial companies commissioned during that latter war; and perhaps 8,000 opposed George Washington in 1780. A British infantry lieutenant colonel paid an average of £3,500 for his commission, and a captain paid £1,500. The colonel of the regiment owned the regiment and paid for its outfitting - by selling commissions. A British captain might keep £35 per year and so only the wealthy aristocracy could afford to buy an army career. Given the inherent class-consciousness, the British ridiculed their rough Provincial opposites. The birth of the American state was hardly a foregone conclusion; however, the British regular army did not encourage the Provincials and the Rebels won.

The units below are generally limited to the regimental, or battalion level. Some regiments had several battalions. Although some units were intended to be raised to at least battalion strength, many achieved only company-level manning and most of those did not last for longer than one year. Lieutenant General Sir William Howe did not order Provincial uniforms until December 1776, and Provincial units were generally equipped with the older 46" Long Land model of the 'Brown Bess' musket. New York alone produced 23,500 men for the British and these Provincials constituted a significant part of the king's army during the Revolution.

A typical Provincial Revolution-era regiment was authorised 10 companies each consisting of 50 privates, 1 drummer, 3 corporals, 3 sergeants, 1 ensign (2 lt), 1 lieutenant, and 1 captain. At full-strength a Provincial regiment would thus number about 600 men. Provincial recruiting was the commanding officer's responsibility and his unit might be disbanded should it fall below a credible strength. All officers' commissions were authorised by, and controlled by, the commander in chief.

Some of the units below are identified as either 'American Establishment', or 'British Establishment'. Clearly the implication was a reward by the crown for exemplary service, but there were additional financial incentives for both the officers and men. On 2 May 1779, the Provincials were ranked as equal to regulars of the same rank (albeit the Provincials' seniority was to be junior); provision was also made for disabling wounds. Pensions and land grants were implied as well as a potential further career in the British army. There was also an implied potential penalty, since the identified units were expected to be able to be deployed outside the areas of their former homes. Some of the former Provincial units were in fact deployed to either Canada, the Caribbean, or Britain.

In the colonial era each colony decided on its own units' dress and equipment. Generally unit dress and equipment standards were abysmal until 1758, when Pitt directed a change in British policy and began to pay for colonial military support. During the American Revolution many of the Provincials were uniformed in green, although some units were later dressed in the traditional British red. Significantly John Simcoe, who commanded the Queen's Rangers in 1777 wrote that 'Green is without comparison the best colour for light troops with dark accoutrements...'.

Background

Service in the units below was often part-time unless formally activated by colonial legislation. In rural areas a rotating watch was often established of a few men, to be rotated after a week, or two. Legislation also defined that every able-bodied man was to have: a good musket; a cartridge box for at least 12, a good belt, a sword; and a bayonet, or 'beLieutenant axe'. The principle of the 'right to bear arms' was later established in the American Constitution. In New England the men were to be on a 'minute's notice' (giving rise to the term Minutemen).

During the colonial era in both present-day America and Canada all able-bodied men were automatically to serve as soldiers in community defence. Their emphasis was usually on the community and not the wider colonies and they were often organised into independent companies. The independent companies were later amalgamated into battalions and regiments only after the populations had grown to support larger communities. However, there were always isolated farms, towns and frontiers, especially along the Allegheny Mountains, and many local militias remained at the company level. Names are often confusing because the boundaries of many original colonies changed; for example Virginia was interpreted to be bounded by the French in Canada, the Spanish in Florida, and the Pacific. Carolina was created out of Virginia in 1629, but it too was later divided to create the North and South Carolinas, and Georgia: names changed.

There are over five hundred historical American and colonial battles, plus many more 'skirmishes' in which men were killed. There was also a tendency to record participation in a campaign, rather than specific a battle: most campaigns included many separate battles. Ascribing unit participation in a particular battle is often judge mental, as independent companies often fought in battles, remote from their parent regiments. Many Revolutionary battles are poorly documented and few earlier Provincial battles are well recorded. The following units were raised in Colonial America; but many Loyalist units in the New England colonies were short-lived, being driven out by war.[1] On disbandment, Loyalist units were often granted land in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Ontario. Colonial militias were often formed on short notice, with men following elected officers for some specific purpose and disbanding when that goal had been achieved. Many ranger corps were only formed at company level in size and I have focused on a higher-level battalion size as being more stable. By its nature, the following data are illustrative, rather than documentary. As careful as I have been, sources disagree on who fought where and on many precise details. Some 1,000 'Canadians' also fought with their American cousins in the Revolution.[2]

Table Organisation

The table shows known British colonial-BNA military units. I have attempted to limit this list to the battalion, or regimental level, although I have included some (usually well known) comapny-size units. There were many one-year units and I have not included many of them. I have developed some conventions to minimise the documentation recording this mass of data. The colonies had to balance their need for protection against costs and normally 'called out' regiments for a specific period and then 'stood them down' for the winter. Few of the units below were in continuous service and some shared the same name in different eras but were separate units. I have taken the approach to accept units with the same name as de-facto continuous, despite inherent broken service. Some units were raised for only a few months for some specified purpose and were then stood down permanently.

Units are sorted alphabetically. I have noted the unit operational formation dates (where known) as the first date in the unit name column. I have generally given precedence to the name by which units were first raised - showing subsequent name changes. However, this has not been possible as a universal rule, American history knows many units by their subsequent names and I have identified many units by their best-known names.

Both militia and provincial regiments were frequently raised for some specified purpose, organised quickly, deployed, and then disbanded. It was established as a routine that annual authorisation was required during the Seven Years' War, since Britain was then paying the costs. There were often repeated unit titles, or names: there were at least two units named 1st Massachusetts Regiment. For sake of space I have identified these probably separate units under the same unit title.

Since the rebellious colonies had few formed units in 1775, this date signifies the year that the first new state militia units became operational.[3] Commanders are listed sequentially. Confusingly, some loyalist units co-existed with patriot regiments bearing the same, or similar names. I have used a common abbreviations for battalion (bn), company (coy), and troop (tp). This list is no-doubt incomplete due to a lack of available historical records.

American Provincial, and Loyalist Corps

Unit Name

Service

Rangers and Indian Departments

Bartelo's Rangers

1750, Bartelo's Rangers.

Seven Years' War.

Butler's Rangers

1778, 6 coys, 1780, 10 coys, Often brigaded with Johnson's 'Royal Greens'

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel John Butler (also Deputy Indian Agent)

1777, Butler's Rangers, 1784, Disbanded in Canada.

American Revolution. 1777, Garrisoned Fort Niagara; 6 August 1777, Battle of Oriskany brigaded with Sir John Johnson's Greens;1-4 July 1778, Defeated Americans at Battle of Wyoming Valley; 4 July 1778, Captured Forty Fort; 17 September 1778, Raided and Burned German Flats; 10-11 November 1778, Battled Americans at Cherry Valley; 29 August 1779, Battle of Newton-Chemung; 17 October 1780, Battle of Schoharie; 19 October 1780, Battle of Stone Arabia; 21 October 1780, Defeated at Battle of Klock's Field by Brigadier General Robert van Rensselaer; 4-5 June 1782, Battle of Sandusky; August 1782, Raid at Blue Licks in Kentucky.

Church's Rangers

1676, Strength 200 men mainly Indians

Commander: 1676, Captain Benjamin Church

1676 Church's Company of Volunteer Woodsmen, 1689, Church's Rangers, 1702, Disbanded.

America. 1676-1678, Raided Narragansett Indians in New England; August 12, 1676, Defeated and Killed Narragansett chief King Philip; 1689-1690, Deployed in Maine and fought Mic Maq Indians; 1694, Fought Mic Maq Indians in Acadia; 1702, Fought Mic Maq Indians in Acadia.

Clapham's Rangers

1750, Clapham's Rangers.

Seven Years' War.

Captain Danks' Rangers

Commander: Captain Danks

c1757, Danks' Rangers, 1761, Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. 13 September 1759, Battle and Captured Québec on Plains of Abraham; 28 April 1760, Battle and Defeated at St Foy; 28 April-10 May 1760, Siege of Québec;

Dunn's Rangers

1753, Raised in New Jersey

1753, Dunn's Rangers.

Seven Years' War. 1753-1760, Garrison and Patrol Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor.

Captain Ferris's Company of Rangers

Commander: c1757, Captain Ferris

c1757, Captain Ferris's Company of Rangers.

Seven Years' War.

Gorham's Rangers

1744, Strength 180 men (Mohawks, Métis & Europeans ) in 3 coys, 1755, Strength 180 men (Mohicans), 1760, British Establishment

Commander: 1744, Captain John Gorham, 1760, Major John Gorham

1744, Nova Scotia Rangers, 1744, Gorham's Rangers, 1761, A Corps of Rangers in North America, 1764. Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. 1744-1763, Garrisoned Nova Scotia; 23 April 1750, Failed Attack on Chignecto; 16 June 1755, Attacked and Captured Fort Beauséjour; 8 June-27 July 1758, Siege and Captured Louisbourg; August-September 1759, Destroyed French towns La Malbaie & Kamouraska; 13 September 1759, Battle and Captured Québec on Plains of Abraham; 1759, Garrisoned Nova Scotia. Caribbean. 7 June-14 August 1762, Siege and Captured Havana and Fort El Morro. Pontiac's War. 1763-May 1764, Defended in Pontiac's Rebellion.

Jamaica Rangers

Strength 3 bns

1779, Jamaica Rangers, 1784, Disbanded in Jamaica.

Caribbean. 1779, Garrisoned Jamaica.

King's American Rangers

1779, King's American Rangers, 1784, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 6 October 1777, Captured Forts Montgomery & Clinton;

King's Carolina Rangers

1779, Provincial Establishment

Commander: 1776, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Brown

1779, East Florida Rangers, 1779, King's Carolina Rangers, 1782, Amalgamated with the Georgia Loyalists as King's Carolina Rangers, 1783, Disbanded in Canada.

American Revolution. 1779, Garrisoned Savannah; 16 September-18 October 1779, Defeated Siege of Savannah Georgia; 1779, Garrisoned East Florida; September 1780, Siege of Augusta; May-5 June 1781, Siege and Surrendered; 1782-1783, Garrisoned East Florida.

The King's Loyal Americans (Jessup's Rangers)

Mounted unit

Commanders: Majors 1776, Ebeneezer Jessup, 1780, William Odell

1776, King's Loyal American Rangers (Jessup's Corps), 1781, Amalgamated with Queen's Loyal Rangers and McAlpin's Corps, 1781, Loyal Rangers, 1784, Disbanded in Canada.

American Revolution. 16 August 1777, Defeated at Battle of Bennington; 17-19 September 1777, Battle of Freeman's Farm; 7 October 1777, Battle of Bemis Heights; 11-17 October 1777, Defeated at Saratoga; August 1782, Successfully Raided Spanish at Black River in Honduras & Captured 742-man Guatemala Regiment.

The King's Orange Rangers

Mounted unit

Commander: Captain John Coffin

1776, King's Orange Rangers, 1783, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 6 October 1777, Captured Forts Montgomery & Clinton;

The Northern Indian Department

1755, The Board of Trade chose Sir William Johnson as sole Superintendant of Northern Indian Affairs. 1755, Britain created an Indian Management Agency of Northern & Southern Departments. Johnson's Deputy was George Croghan, Edmund Atkin, was his Southern opposite). 1768, Colonies were given power over both Indians and land.

Commanders: April 1755, Major General Sir William Johnson (Superintendant for Northern colonies), 1774, Colonel Guy Johnson (Northern Department Superintendant), 1776, Lieutenant Colonels 1774, Daniel Claus (Québec Superintendant), John Campbell (Deputy and Canada Superintendant), 1776, John Butler (Deputy Indian Agent)

1755, Johnson appointed and coordinated Indian treaties for Northern colonies; June 1755, BuiLieutenant and named Fort Edward on former Fort Lydius; July 1755, Assembled Provincial and Indian troops to attack forts Carillon and Frederic; 8 September 1755, Defeated Major General Dieskau's attack at Lake George; 25 July 1759, Captured Fort Niagara. American Revolution. 1777-1783, Organised and Coordinated Indian raids and operations.
American Revolution. 1775-1784, Six Nations Department: Commander Colonel Guy Johnson.
American Revolution. 1776-1784, Canadian Indian Department: Commander Lieutenant Colonel John Campbell.
American Revolution. 1776-1784, Québec Department: Commander Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Claus.
American Revolution. 1776, Great Lakes Department: Commanders Alexander McKee, Robert Hamilton Dickson.
American Revolution. 1776-1784, Indian Department Rangers: Commander Colonel Guy Johnson.
American Revolution. 1777-1783, Brant's Volunteers: Commander Captain Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea). 1777, Formed as Associators with 100-300 men; 6 August 1777, Defeated Americans at the Battle of Oriskany; 22 July 1779, Defeated American militia at the Battle of Minisink; 29 August 1779, Defeated at the Battle of Newtown; October 19, 1780, Defeated at the Battle of Klock's Field by Brigadier General Robert van Rensselaer.
American Revolution. 1777-1784, Butler's Rangers: Commander Lieutenant Colonel John Butler.
American Revolution. 1781-1784, Loyal Foresters: Commander Colonel Guy Johnson and Department.
American Revolution. 1777-1783, The Company of Select Marksmen: Commander Captain Alexander Fraser. American Revolution. September 1776, Battle at Ticonderoga; 11 October 1776, Battle of Valcour Island; 6 July 1777, Captured Ticonderoga; 7 July 1777, Battle of Hubbardton; 16 August 1777, Battle of Bennington; 17-19 September 1777, Battle of Freeman's Farm; 7 October 1777, Battle of Bemis Heights.
American Revolution. 1778-1783, Claus's Rangers: Commander Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Claus.

Partridge's Rangers

Commander: c1755, Captain Partridge

c1755, Partridge's Rangers.

Seven Years' War. 1755-1763, Garrisoned and Patrol Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor.

Putnam's Rangers

1758, Raised in Connecticut

Commander: Major Israel Putnam

1758, Putnam's Rangers.

Seven Years' War. 8 July 1758, Failed Battle for Fort Carillon/Ticonderoga; 1758-1763, Garrisoned and Patrol Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor.

Queen's American Rangers

1776, 10 coys, 1778, 12 coys, 1779, American Establishment as 1st American Regiment, 1782, British Establishment, 1783, Disbanded and land granted for many in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick

Commanders: 1776, Colonel Robert Rogers, 1777, Major Christopher French, 1777, Lieutenant Colonels John Graves Simcoe, 1779, Edmund Fanning

1776, King's Rangers, 1776, Queen's American Rangers, 1779, The Queen's Rangers (1st American Regiment), 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution. 15 September 1776, Battle of Kips Bay; 28 October 1776, Battle of White Plains; 21 October, 1776, Battle of Mamaroneck;11 September 1777, Battle of Brandywine; 4 October 1777, Battle of Germantown; 11 September-4 October 1777, Captured and Occupied Philadelphia;; 6 October 1777, Captured Forts Clinton and Montgomery; 1777, Garrisoned Pennsylvania; 7 December 1777, Battle of Edge Hill; 18 March 1778, Quinton's Bridge; 21 March 1778, Hancock's Bridge; 1 May 1778, Defeated Americans at Battle of Crooked Billet; 28 June 1778, Battle of Monmouth; 31 August 1778, Battle of Indian Field and Bridge; 31 August 1778, Battle of Stockbridge; 26 October 1779, Raid of Perth Amboy; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege & Captured Charleston & Defeat of General Lincoln; 23 June 1780, Battle of Springfield; 7 October 1780, Defeated at Battle of King's Mountain; December 1780, Raided coastal Virginia;5 January 1781, Captured Richmond; 19 April 1780, Captured Burrell's Landing; 19 April 1780, Captured Williamsburg, 25 April 1780, Captured Petersburg Virginia; 26 June 1781, Battle of Spencer's Tavern; July-October 1781, Skirmishing in Virginia; 19 October 1781, Surrendered at Yorktown.

Queen's Loyal Rangers

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel John Peters

1777, Queen's Loyal Rangers, 1781, Amalgamated with King's Loyal Americans and McAlpin's Corps, 1781, Loyal Rangers, 1784, Disbanded in Canada.

American Revolution. 6 July 1777, Captured Ticonderoga; 7 July 1777, Battle of Hubbardton; 16 August 1777, Battle of Bennington; 17-19 September 1777, Battle of Freeman's Farm, 7 October 1777, Battle of Bemis Heights, 11-17 October 1777, Defeated at Saratoga.

Queen's Royal American Rangers

1762, British Establishment,

Commander: 1762, Captain Joseph Hopkins

1762, Queen's Royal American Rangers.

Seven Years' War. August-November 1762, Occupied & Garrisoned Fort Detroit; November 1762, Occupied & Garrisoned Fort Niagara; 2 June 1763, Ambushed and Fought Pontiac's Ottawa Indians; June 1763, Occupied & Defended Fort Detroit against Pontiac's Indians; 31 July 1763, Fought off Pontiac's Indian ambush while scouting .

Roger's Rangers

1756, Strength 250 New Hampshire and Stockbridge Indian men in 5 coys, 1757, Strength 108 men / coy in 9 coys

Commanders: 1756, Captain Robert Rogers, 1759, Major Robert Rogers, Captains 1757, Richard Rogers, James Rogers, John Stark, William Stark, Shepherd, Bulkely, McCurdy, Jonathan Brewer, Moses Brewer, 1758, Captain Burbank, 1760-1761, Captains Hazen, Wait

1755, Coy in Blanchard's Regiment, 1756, Roger's Rangers, 1764, Disbanded, 1776, The Queen's Rangers.

Seven Years' War. 1755-1758, Patrol Lake George area; 8 September 1755, Fought as scouts with Sir William Johnson and Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 1755-1766, Garrisoned Fort William Henry in the winter; November 1755, Scouted Ticonderoga and found French fort; 1756, Garrison Fort Louisbourg; 4-9 August 1757, Battle and surrender of Fort William Henry to Marquis de Montcalm; December 1757, Captured prisoners from Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; March 1758, Ambushed & Attacked by French and Huron Indians on Lake George; 8 June-27 July 1758, Siege and Captured Louisbourg; 1758, Scouted in New Brunswick and Québec for Colonels Monkton and Wolfe up the St John's River and in the Gaspé; 8 July 1758, failed Battle of Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; 8 August 1758, Battle with French and Huron Indians near Lake George; 25-27 August 1758, Siege and Captured Fort Frontenac; 25-26 July 1759, Captured Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; 6 October 1759, Attacked Abenaki Indian village at Odank Québec; c27 June 1759, Scouted Ile d'Orléans in the St Lawrence River for General Wolfe; 13 September 1759, Battle and Captured Québec on Plains of Abraham; 28 April 1760, Battle and Defeated at St Foy; 28 April-10 May 1760, Siege of Québec; 4 October 1759, Destroyed Odanak Indian village; 28 April 1760, Battle and Defeated at St Foy; c6 June 1760, Defeated French guard at Ile Lamotte and Attacked Fort Ste Thérèse; 16-27 August 1760, Battle and Captured Isle aux Noix; 7 September 1760, Forced Surrender of Montréal; 29 November 1760, Battle and Captured Fort Detroit.

The Southern Indian Department

Commanders: 1755-1761, Edmund Atkin, 1761-1779, Colonel John Stuart (killed 21 March 1779).

French and Indian War, 1755, Abandoned Indian management in favour of the Governor of South Carolina; 1761-1764, Negotiated treaties with the Cherokee Indians. American Revolution. January 1777-March 1779, Organised defences in East and West Florida Georgia South Carolina and raised Indian and colonial militias to send into Louisiana Mississippi South Carolina and Georgia;

Daniel McAlpin's Voluntier Corps

1781, Amalgamated with King's Loyal Americans and Queen's Loyal Rangers, 1781, Loyal Rangers, 1784, Disbanded in Canada.

17-19 September 1777, Battle of Freeman's Farm, 7 October 1777, Battle of Bemis Heights, 11-17 October 1777, Defeated at Saratoga.

Provincial & Loyalist Cavalry

British Legion

1781, American Establishment as 5th American Regiment, 1782, British Establishment

Commanders: Lieutenant Colonels 1778, Baron William Cathcart, 1779, Banastre Tarleton

1778, Caledonian Volunteers, 1779, British Legion, 1781, 5th American Regiment (British Legion), 1782, Tarleton's Dragoons, 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution. 28 June 1778, Battle of Monmouth Courthouse; 19 November 1778, Battle of Bulltown Swamp Savannah; 29 December 1778, Battle of Savannah Georgia; 1779, Garrisoned Savannah; 16 September-18 October 1779, Defeated Siege of Savannah Georgia; 12 April 1780, Battle of Monks Corner; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege & Captured Charleston & Defeat of General Lincoln; 5 May 1780, Clash at Lenew's Ferry; 27 May 1780, Clash at Wacsaw; June 1780, Action at Fishing Creek; 6 August 1780, Clash at Hanging Rock; 15-16 August 1780, Defeated General Gates at Battle of Camden. 18 August 1780, Battle of Catawba Ford; 22 September 1780, Battle at Charlotte; November 1780, Action at Blackstock's Hill; 17 January 1781, Defeated at Battle of Cowpens; January 1781, Action at Tarrant's Tavern; February 1781, Battle of Grants Creek; 6 March 1781, Clash at Wetzel's Mill; 15 March 1781, Battle of Guilford Courthouse; May 1781, Action at Warwick Courthouse; 4 June 1781, Battle of Charlottesville; 6 July 1781, Battle of James River; August 1781, Action at Chiswell's Tavern; 4-19 October 1781, Battle of Gloucester; 19 October 1781, Siege and Surrendered at Yorktown.

Bucks County Dragoons

1777, Company strength with The Queen's Rangers

Commander: Captain Thomas Stanford

1777, Bucks County Dragoons, 1780, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1777-1778, Garrisoned Philadelphia & Skirmished into New Jersey; 7 April 1778, Defeated Americans in midnight Clash at Frankford; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege of Charleston; December 1780, Raided coastal Virginia;

Diemar's Troop of Black Hussars

Commander: Captain Frederick de Diemar

1778, Diemar's Troop of Black Hussars.

American Revolution.

East Florida Rangers

Commanders: 1776, Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Brown, 1779, Major Thomas Rogers

1776, East Florida Rangers, 1779, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1777, Deployed to Georgia to act as scouts for the British army.

Emmerich's Chasseurs & Dragoons

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Andreas Emmerich

1777, Emmerich's Chasseurs, 1779, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 6 October 1777, Captured Forts Montgomery & Clinton; 1778-1779, Skirmishes and Raids in New York and New Jersey; 19 October 1781, Surrendered at Siege of Yorktown.

Georgia Light Dragoons

1779, British Provincial Establishment

1779, Georgia Light Dragoons,

American Revolution.

Georgia Provincial Companies

1734, Strength 3 Mounted troops

1734, Captain Patrick Mackay's Independent Company of Rangers, English Rangers, Highland Rangers, Highland Independent Company of Foot, Captain Mark Carr's Marine Company of Boatmen, 1747, Disbanded.

Florida. 31 May-4 July 1740, Failed Siege of St Augustine; 7 July 1742, Battle of Bloody Swamp St Simon's Island;

James's Troop of Light Dragoons

Company strength

Commander: Captain Jacob James

1780, Troop strength with The Queen's Rangers.

American Revolution. 1 May 1778, Defeated Americans at Battle of Crooked Billet; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege of Charleston;

King's American Dragoons

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Sir Benjamin Thompson Count Rumford

1782, King's American Dragoons, 1783, Disbanded at Halifax.

American Revolution. 1 February 1781, Battle of Catawba River; 15 March 1781, Battle of Guilford Courthouse, 19 October 1781, Surrendered at Yorktown.

Philadelphia Light Dragoons

1777-1778, Company strength brigaded with The Queen's Rangers

Commander: Captain Richard Hoveden

1775, Philadelphia Light Dragoons, 1778, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1777-1778, Garrisoned Philadelphia & Skirmished into New Jersey; 7 April 1778, Defeated Americans in midnight Clash at Frankford; 1 May 1778, Defeated Americans at Battle of Crooked Billet; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege of Charleston;

Queen's Loyal Rangers

c1776, Queen's Loyal Rangers.

17-19 September 1777, Battle of Freeman's Farm, 7 October 1777, Battle of Bemis Heights, 11-17 October 1777, Defeated at Saratoga.

Saunders' Horse

1775, Saunders' Horse, 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution.

South Carolina Dragoons

January 1781, Formed at Charleston

1781, South Carolina Dragoons

American Revolution.

South Carolina Horse Regiment

1743, 2 tps, 1759, Strength 115 men in 3 tps, 1760, 4 tps

1743, South Carolina Horse Regiment, 1775, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1759, Expedition against Cherokee Indians.

South Carolina Royalists

1780, c500 men in 2 bns

Commanders: Colonel Campbell, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Robinson, Major Thomas Fraser

1778, British Provincial Establishment

1778, South Carolina Royalists, 1783, Disbanded.

1st Battalion. American Revolution. 1779, Deployed to Georgia to Defend in the siege of Savannah; 9 October 1779, Defeated American attack on Savannah; 12 May 1780, Attacked and Captured Charleston SC; 16 August 1780, Defeated the American General Gates at the Battle of Camden; 1780-1781, Garrisoned Charleston;

2nd Battalion. American Revolution. 1779-1780, Patrolled the Carolinas.

West Jersey Cavalry

Company strength

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel John van Dyke

1777, West Jersey Cavalry.

American Revolution. 1777, Pennsylvania.

Provincial & Loyalist Infantry

American Legion

1780, Strength 415 men

Commander: Major Thomas Manzies

1780, American Legion 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution. December 1780, Raided coastal Virginia; December 1780, Raided New London Connecticut;

American Volunteers

1777, Called McAlpin's Corps, 1782, British Establishment, 1783, Settled in Ontario

Commanders: Majors 1776, Daniel McAlpin, 1780, John Nairne

1777, American Volunteers, 1778, Amalgamated, 1779, Reformed, 1781, Amalgamated into Loyal Rangers.

American Revolution. August 1777, Bateau service logistics support for Burgoyne; 11 September 1777, Battle of Brandywine; 7 October 1780, Defeated at Battle of King's Mountain.

McAlpin's Corps

1782, British Establishment

Commanders: Majors 1776, Daniel McAlpin, 1780, John Nairne

1780, Newfoundland Regiment1783, Disbanded.

American Revolution.

Augusta Regiment

1756, Raised in Pennsylvania

1756, Augusta Regiment, 1756, Disbanded

Seven Years' War. 1756, Garrisoned frontier against French and Indians.

Bowen's Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment

Commanders: Colonels 1745, Bowen, 1759-1760, Willard

1745, Bowen's Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment, 1745, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1745, Patolled the north-western frontier; 1759, Garrisoned Ticonderoga; 16-28 August 1760; Siege and Captured Fort Île aux Noix; 8 September 1760, Siege and Captured Montréal.

Connecticut Militia Regiments

1739, 13 Connecticut Militia Regiments

1739, Connecticut Militia Regiments.

Colonial Defence. 1739, The War of Jenkin's Ear forced improved defenses against both Indians and Spanish sea attack and consolidated earlier independent militia companies into 13 regiments each with at least one troop of horse.

Connecticut Provincial Regiment

1745, Strength 500 men, 1746, Strength 1,000 men, Strength 1,400 men

Commanders: Colonels 1745, Andrew Burr, 1746, Elisha Williams, 1755-1762, Phineas Lyman, Israel Putnam

1709, Connecticut Provincial Regiment, 1755, 1st Connecticut Regiment, Connecticut Battalion.

Colonial Defence. 1710-1711, Patrolled Lake George; April 1745, Deployed to Fort Louisbourg by ship & conducted Siege; 16 June 1745, Captured Fort Louisbourg; Seven Years' War. 1753-1760, Garrisoned and Patrolled Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor; 8 September 1755, Fought with Sir William Johnson and Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 1757, Garrisoned Fort at Number Four; 8 July 1758, failed Battle of Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; 1759-1760; Captured and Garrisoned Fort Oswego; 1761; Garrisoned Crown Point. Caribbean. 7 June-14 August 1762, Siege and Captured Havana and Fort El Morro. Pontiac's War. 8 August 1764, Forced Pontiac to sign a questionable peace treaty at Detroit;

2nd Connecticut Regiment

Commanders: Colonels 1755, Elizur Gooderich, 1756, David Wooster, 1758-1760, Nathan Whiting

1755, 2nd Connecticut Regiment, 1760, Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. 1753-1756, Garrisoned and Patrolled Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor; 8 September 1755, Fought in Bloody Morning Scout covering retreating Massachusetts and Rhode Island regiments and then with Sir William Johnson Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 1757, Garrisoned Fort at Number Four; 8 July 1758, failed Battle of Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; 1759-1760; Captured and Garrisoned Fort Oswego; 1761; Garrisoned Crown Point;

3rd Connecticut Regiment

Commanders: Colonels 1755, Eliphalet Dyer, 1756, Nathan Whiting, 1758-1760, Eleazar Fitch

1755, 3rd Connecticut Regiment, 1760, Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. 1753-1756, Garrisoned and Patrolled Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor; 8 July 1758, failed Battle of Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; 1759-1760; Captured and Garrisoned Fort Oswego; 1761; Garrisoned Crown Point;

4th Connecticut Regiment

Commanders: Colonels 1755, Elihu Chaucey, 1756, Andrew Ward, 1758, David Wooster

1755, 4th Connecticut Regiment, 1760, Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. 1753-1756, Garrisoned and Patrolled Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor; 8 July 1758, failed Battle of Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; 1759-1760; Captured and Garrisoned Fort Oswego; 1761; Garrisoned Crown Point;

De Lancey's Brigade

1775, Strength 3 bns c2,000 men including defeated rebels captured at New York in August 1775

Commanders: Brigadier General Oliver de Lancey, First Bn Royal North Carolina Regiment, Commander: Lieutenant Colonel John Harris Cruger, Second Bn Royal North Carolina Regiment. Commanders: Colonel George Brewerton, Lieutenant Colonel Stephen de Lancey, Third de Lancey Bn, Commanders: Colonel Gabriel Ludlow, Lieutenant Colonel Richard Hewlett

1775, de Lancey's Brigade, 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick Canada.

First Bn. American Revolution. 29 August 1775, Attacked and Captured New York City; 27-28 August 1776, Battle of Jamaica Long Island; 16th September 1776, Battle of Harlem Heights; 17 January 1777, Battle of Kings Bridge; July, 1777, Battle of Brookhaven; 1778, Garrisoned Halifax; October 1778, Deployed to Georgia; 29 December 1778, Defeated General Robert Howe at the Battle of Savannah; 1779, Garrisoned Savannah; 16 September-18 October 1779, Defeated Siege of Savannah Georgia; 12 May 1780, Captured Charleston; 16 August 1780, Defeated Major General Horatio Gates at the Battle of Camden; 21 May 1781, Defeated American Major General Nathanael Greene's attacks of Fort Ninety-Six; 8 September 1781, Defeated General Greene at Battle of Eutaw Springs; 1781-February 1782, Garrisoned Charleston until evacuation north; February 1782-1783, Garrisoned New York, 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick, Canada.

Second Bn. American Revolution. 29 August 1775, Attacked and Captured New York City; 28 August 1776, Battle of Jamaica Long Island; 16th September 1776, Battle of Harlem Heights; 17 January 1777, Battle of Kings Bridge; July, 1777, Battle of Brookhaven; 1778, Garrisoned Halifax; October 1778, Deployed to Georgia; 29 December 1778, Defeated General Robert Howe at the Battle of Savannah; 1779, Garrisoned Savannah; 16 September-18 October 1779, Defeated Siege of Savannah Georgia; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege & Captured Charleston & Defeat of General Lincoln; 16 August 1780, Defeated Major General Horatio Gates at the Battle of Camden; 21 May 1781, Defeated American Major General Nathanael Greene's attacks of Fort Ninety-Six; 8 September 1781, Defeated General Greene from the centre of the line at the Battle of Eutaw Springs; 1781-February 1782, Garrisoned Charleston until evacuation north; February 1782, Amalgamated with 1st Bn.

Third Bn. American Revolution. 29 August 1775, Attacked and Captured New York City; 28 August 1776, Battle of Jamaica Long Island; 16th September 1776, Battle of Harlem Heights; 17 January 1777, Battle of Kings Bridge; July, 1777, Battle of Brookhaven; 1779, Raided Connecticut; 1780-July 1781, Deployed to Lloyd's Neck on Long Island to protect British wood-cutters and Defeated attacks; July 1781-1783, Deployed to Garrison New York; 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick, Canada.

Detroit Volunteers

 

American Revolution.

Duke of Cumberland's Regiment

1781, Strength 588 men

1781, Duke of Cumberland's Regiment, 1783, Disbanded.

American Revolution. August 1781- 1783, Garrisoned Jamaica.

East Florida Militia

1777, 2 bns

Commanders: 1776, Colonel Moultrie, Lieutenant Colonel Robert Bisset, Major Benjamin Dodd

1776, East Florida Militia, 1783, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1776-1783, Garrisoned Florida; 17 May 1777, Defeated the Americans at the Battle of Thomas Creek;

Essex County Provincial Regiment of Massachusetts Bay

Commanders: Colonels 1756, Jonathan Bagley, 1759, Jonathan Bagley, 1760, Thomas

Essex County Provincial Regiment of Massachusetts Bay.

Seven Years' War. 1756, Garrisoned and Patrolled Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor; 1759, Garrisoned Fort Penobscot and Fort Cumberland; Siege and Captured Fort Île aux Noix; 8 September 1760, Siege and Captured Montréal.

Georgia Loyalists

1779, Georgia Loyalists, 1782, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1779, Garrisoned Savannah; 16 September-18 October 1779, Defeated Siege of Savannah Georgia; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege of Charleston.

Gooch's 61st Regiment of Foot

1740, Strength 3,373 men in 4 bns on British Establishment

Commander: Colonel William Gooch

1739, Spotswood's Regiment of Foot, 1740, Gooch's 61st Regiment of Foot, 1742, Disbanded.

Caribbean. 1740-1742, Garrisoned Jamaica; 15 March-25 April 1741, Failed Attack on Cartagena de Indias Colombia (Spanish New Grenada); 29 August-November 1741, Failed Attack on Guantanamo Bay Cuba; March 1742, Failed Attack on Porto Bello Panama.

Governor Wentworth's Volunteers

Commander: Colonel Sir John Wentworth

1776, Governor Wentworth's Volunteers, 1778, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1776, Garrisoned New York.

Guides & Pioneers

1776, Raised in New York

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Beverley Robinson

1776, Guides and Pioneers, 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution. 11 September 1777, Battle of Brandywine; 4 October 1777, Battle of Germantown; 11 September-4 October 1777, Captured and Occupied Philadelphia; 6 October 1777, Captured Forts Montgomery & Clinton; August 1778, Defeated Siege of Neuport; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege & Captured Charleston & Defeat of General Lincoln; December 1780, Raided coastal Virginia;

Hutchinson's Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment

Commander: Major Hutchinson

1690, Hutchinson's Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment, 1690, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1690, July-September 1690, Failed Attack against Québec with Sir William Phips.

Jamaica Legion

c1775, Jamaica Legion, c1784, Disbanded.

Caribbean. c1775-1779, Garrisoned Jamaica; February 1780, Attacked Honduras; February 1780, Captured Fort St John in Nicaragua.

Jamaica Volunteers

c1779, Jamaica Volunteers, c1784, Disbanded.

Caribbean. c1775-1779, Garrisoned Jamaica; February 1780, Attacked Honduras; February 1780, Captured Fort St John in Nicaragua.

King's American Regiment

Strength 833 men

1781, American Establishment as 4th American Regiment, 1782, British Establishment as 110th Regiment of Foot

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel, George Campbell

1776, King's American Regiment, 1781, 4th American Regiment (The King's American Regiment), 1782, The King's American Regiment, 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution. 1776-1777, Oriskany Campaign; 6 August 1777, Battle of Oriskany (with Sir John Johnson); 1777, 6 October 1777, Captured Forts Clinton & Montgomery; August 1778, Defeated Siege of Neuport; 29 August 1778, Battle of Quaker Hill Rhode Island; 8 July 1779, Battle of New Haven; 5 July 1779, Battle of Fairfield; 23 September-18 October 1779, Siege and Battle of Savannah Georgia; 29 March-12 May 1780, Siege and Captured Charleston; 25 April 1781, Battle of Hobkirk Hill; 7 October 1780, Defeated at Battle of King's Mountain.

Kings Royal Regiment of New York

1776, Called Johnson's Royal Greens often brigaded with Butler's Rangers, 1780, Strength 1,290 men in 2 bns

Commander:  Colonel Sir John Johnson, Bt

1776, Kings Royal Regiment of New York, 1784, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1776, Garrisoned Québec; 4 November 1776, Attacked Fort Oswego; 1776-1777, La Prairie, La Chine, Buck's Island; 22 May 1780, Raided Johnstown and Caughnawaga; 3 July 1780, Attacked Oneida; 17 October 1780, Battle of Schoharie; 19 October 1780, Battle of Stone Arabia; 21 October 1780, Defeated at Battle of Klock's Field by Brigadier General Robert van Rensselaer.

Loyal American Regiment

New York Scots, Brigaded with the Guides and Pioneers

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Beverley Robinson

1776, Loyal American Regiment, 1780, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution. 6 October 1777, Captured Forts Montgomery & Clinton; December 1780, Raided coastal Virginia; December 1780, Raided New London Connecticut;

Loyal American Associated Refugees

Raised in Massachusetts Bay

Commander: Moses Kirkland

1775, Loyal American Volunteers, c1780, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 29 August 1778, Newport, 5 September 1779, Battle of Lloyd's Neck.

Loyal New England Regiment

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel George Wrightman

1778, Loyal New Englanders, 1778, Rhode Island Provincial Regiment, 1779, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1778, Raised in Rhode Island.

Loyal Newport Associators

Commander:

1778, Loyal Newport Associators Regiment, 1779, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1778, Raised in Rhode Island.

The Loyal Volunteers

1776, Raised in New York

1776, The Loyal Volunteers.

17-19 September 1777, Battle of Freeman's Farm, 7 October 1777, Battle of Bemis Heights, 11-17 October 1777, Defeated at Saratoga.

Major William Stark's Corps of Volunteers

Connecticut Loyalists

Major William Stark's Corps of Volunteers

American Revolution.

Maryland Loyalists

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel James Chalmers

1777, Maryland Loyalists (1st Battalion), 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution. 1778, Garrisoned Philadelphia and New York; 26 August 1776, Battle of Valley Grove Long Island; 1779-1781, Garrisoned Pensacola; 9 March-8 May 1781, Besieged at Pensacola Defeated and Surrendered to Spanish General Bernardo de Gálvez;

Maryland Militia

Anne Arundel County Regiment

1650, Anne Arundel County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Baltimore County Regiment

1659, Baltimore County Regiment.

Colonial Defence. July 1755, Garrisoned Fort Garrison to meet Ohio Valley Indian threat; October 1756, Garrisoned Fort Frederick to meet Ohio Valley Indian threat.

Cecil County Regiment

1672, Cecil County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Charles County Regiment

1658, Charles County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Dorchester County Regiment

1668, Dorchester County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Kent County Regiment

1642, Kent County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Maryland Northern Regiment

1658, Maryland Northern Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Maryland Southern Regiment

1658, Maryland Southern Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Patuxent County Regiment

1654, Patuxent County Regiment, 1658, Calvert County.

Colonial Defence.

Prince George's County Regiment

1695, Prince George's County Regiment.

Colonial Defence. October 1756, Garrisoned Fort Frederick to meet Ohio Valley Indian threat.

Somerset County Regiment

1666, Somerset County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

St Mary's County Regiment

1637, St Mary's County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Talbot County Regiment

1661, Talbot County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Maryland Royal Retaliators

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Hugh Kelly

1780, Maryland Royal Retaliators, 1783, Disbanded

American Revolution. 1780-1783, Garrisoned New York.

Massachusetts Bay Militia

Dorchester Regiment

c1743, Dorchester Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 19 December 1675, Defeated King Philip's Narraganset Indians at the Great Swamp Fight; January 1743, Raised two companies of artillery to Garrison Castle William.

Duke's County Regiment

1757, Duke's County Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

East Massachusetts Bay Regiment

1676, Increased from 4 coys to 8 coys

Commanders: Colonels 1636, John Winthrop

1630, Boston Company, 1636, East Massachusetts Bay Regiment, 1643, Boston Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence. July 1690, Failed invasion of Canada.

Essex County Regiment

1643, Essex County Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 19 December 1675, Defeated King Philip's Narraganset Indians at the Great Swamp Fight;

Hampshire County Regiment

1662, Hampshire County Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 19 December 1675, Defeated King Philip's Narraganset Indians at the Great Swamp Fight;

The Honourable Artillery Company

Commander: 1638, Captain Robert Keayne

1638, The Military Company of Massachusetts Bay, c1655, The Artillery Company, c1705, The Honourable Artillery Company.

c1640, Initiated militia officer trining;

Maine County Regiment

Commander: Colonel Sir William Pepperell

1657, Maine County Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Marblehead Regiment

1714, Strength 2 coys, 1788, 7 Strength coys

1657, Marblehead Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Middlesex County Regiment

1643, Middlesex County Militia Regiment, 1680, Lower Regiment of Middlesex, 1733, 1st Regiment of Militia of Middlesex, 1775, Gardner's Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 19 December 1675, Defeated King Philip's Narraganset Indians at the Great Swamp Fight;

Nantucket County Regiment

1657, Nantucket County Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

North Massachusetts Bay Regiment

Commanders: Colonels 1636, John Haynes

1636, North Massachusetts Bay Regiment, 1643, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. July 1690, Failed invasion of Canada.

Old Norfolk County Regiment

1643, Norfolk County Militia Regiment, 1679, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 19 December 1675, Defeated King Philip's Narraganset Indians at the Great Swamp Fight;

Plymouth County Regiment

1622, Strength 4 coys

Commanders: Captains 1622, Miles Standish, 1676, Benjamin Church

1622, Plymouth Bay Colony Companies, 1685, Plymouth Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 19 December 1675, Defeated King Philip's Narraganset Indians at the Great Swamp Fight;

South Massachusetts Bay Regiment

Commanders: Colonels 1636, John Endecott

1636, South Massachusetts Bay Regiment, 1643, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 19 December 1675, Defeated King Philip's Narraganset Indians at the Great Swamp Fight; July 1690, Failed invasion of Canada.

Suffolk County Regiment

1643, Suffolk County Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 19 December 1675, Defeated King Philip's Narraganset Indians at the Great Swamp Fight;

York County Regiment

1652, York County Militia Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 19 December 1675, Defeated King Philip's Narraganset Indians at the Great Swamp Fight;

1st Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment

1690, Strength 446 men in 7 coys

Commanders: Majors 1690, William Johnson, 1707, Wainright, 1711, Vetch , Colonels 1745, William Pepperell, 1755, Willard, 1758-1759, Joseph Williams, 1760-1761-1762, Thwing, 1775, Jonathan Ward

1690, Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment of Foot, 1690, Disbanded, 1707, Wainright's Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment, 1707, Disbanded. 1711, Vetch's Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment, 1711, Disbanded. 1745, Pepperell's 1st Massachusetts Bay Regiment,1749, Disbanded at Louisbourg, Cape Breton Island, 1754, 51st Regiment of Foot (Cape Breton Regiment), 1756, Disbanded at Oswego.

 

 

 

Colonial Defence. April 1690, Raised for Sir William Phips' expedition against Acadia; May 1690, Attacked and Captured Port Royale; September 1707, Failed Attack against Port Royale in Acadia; July-September 1711, Failed Attack against Québec with Admiral Walker; April 1745, Deployed to Fort Louisbourg by ship & conducted Siege; 16 June 1745, Captured Fort Louisbourg; 1745-1746, Garrisoned Louisbourg, but Rioted and Disbanded when commitment extended. Seven Years' War. 8 September 1755, Fought for Sir William Johnson and Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 1757, Garrisoned Forts Edward and William Henry; 11-14 August 1757, Attacked and Defeated by Major General Montcalm; 15 August 1756, Captured by the French with 30-100 Americans scalped and killed after the surrender; 25-27 August 1758, Siege and Captured Fort Frontenac; 1759-1760, Garrisoned New York; 1761-1762, Garrisoned Crown Point.

Appleton's Battalion

Commander: Major Appleton

1690, Appleton's Provincial Battalion, 1690, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1690, July-September 1690, Failed Attack against Québec with Sir William Phips.

Gedney's Battalion

Commander: Major Gedney

1690, Gedney's Provincial Battalion, 1690, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1690, July-September 1690, Failed Attack against Québec with Sir William Phips.
Henchman's Battalion

Commander: Major Henchman

1690, Henchman's Provincial Battalion, 1690, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1690, July-September 1690, Failed Attack against Québec with Sir William Phips.

Hutchinson's Battalion

Commander: Major Hutchinson

1690, Hutchinson's Provincial Battalion, 1690, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1690, July-September 1690, Failed Attack against Québec with Sir William Phips.

Phillips' Battalion

Commander: Major Phillips

1690, Phillips' Provincial Battalion, 1690, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1690, July-September 1690, Failed Attack against Québec with Sir William Phips.

Quincy's Battalion

Commander: Major Quincy

1690, Quincy's Provincial Battalion, 1690, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1690, July-September 1690, Failed Attack against Québec with Sir William Phips.

Saltonstall's Battalion

Commander: Major Saltonstall

1690, Saltonstall's Provincial Battalion, 1690, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1690, July-September 1690, Failed Attack against Québec with Sir William Phips.

2nd Massachusetts Bay Regiment

1746, Strength 10 coys

Commanders: Majors 1707, Hilton, 1711, Walton, Colonels 1745, Samuel Waldo, 1746, Dwight, 1755, Ephraim Williams, 1756, Dwight, 1757, Joseph Frye, 1758-1760, Ruggle, 1761-1762, Saltonstall, 1774, John Thomas, 1775, John Bailey

1707, Wainright's Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment, 1707, Disbanded. 1711, Walton's Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment, 1711, Disbanded, 1745, Waldo's 2nd Massachusetts Bay Regiment, 1755, 2nd Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment.

Colonial Defence. Colonial Attack. September 1707, Failed Attack against Port Royale in Acadia; July-September 1711, Failed Attack against Québec with Admiral Walker; 1745, Siege and Captured Fort Louisbourg; June 1746-1747, Deployed to Deerfield and Western Massachusetts. Seven Years' War. 8 September 1755, Fought in Lake George 'Bloody Morning Scout' Ambushed by French and retreated with Connecticut and Rhode Island regiments and fought for Sir William Johnson and Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 4-9 August 1757, Battle and surrender of Fort William Henry to Marquis de Montcalm; 25-27 August 1758, Siege and Captured Fort Frontenac; 1759, Garrisoned Fort Ticonderoga; 16-28 August 1760, Siege and Captured Fort Île aux Noix; 8 September 1760, Siege and Captured Montréal; 1761-1762, Garrisoned Crown Point.

3rd Massachusetts Bay Regiment

June 1746, Strength 1,700 men in 17 coys, 1778, Strength 1,800 men in 17 coys

Commanders: Colonels. 1745, Moulton, 1746, Noble, 1755, Moses Titcomb, September 1755, Jonathan Bagley, 1756, Gridley's, 1757, Artemas Ward, 1758-1760, Jonathan Bagley, 1761-1762-1763, Hoar, 1775, Timothy Walker

1745, Moulton's 3rd Massachusetts Bay Regiment, 1755, 3rd Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1745, Siege and Captured Fort Louisbourg; June 1746-1747, Deployed to Nova Scotia; 31 January 1747, Attacked and Defeated by French; 1747-1748, Garrisoned Grand Prè Nova Scoti. Seven Years' War. 8 September 1755, Fought for Sir William Johnson and Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 1755-1756, Garrisoned Fort Edward and Fort William Henry; 8 July 1758, Failed Battle of Fort Carillon/Ticonderoga; 1759-1760, Garrisoned Fort Louisbourg; 1761-1763, Garrisoned Halifax; September 1762, Captured St John's Newfoundland.

4th Massachusetts Bay Regiment

Commanders: Colonels. 1745, Willard, 1756, Plaisted, 1758-1759, Prebble, 1775, Theophilus Cotton

1745, Willard's 4th Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1745, Siege and Captured Fort Louisbourg. Seven Years' War. 8 September 1755, Fought in Bloody Morning Scout Ambushed by French and retreated with Connecticut and Rhode Island regiments and later with Sir William Johnson Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 8 July 1758, Failed Battle of Fort Carillon/Ticonderoga; 1759, Garrisoned New York.

5th Massachusetts Bay Regiment

Commanders: Colonels. 1745, Hale, 1756, Ruggle, 1758, Partridge, 1759, William William, 1775, Asa Whitcomb

1745, Hale's 5th Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1745, Siege and Captured Fort Louisbourg. Seven Years' War. 8 September 1755, Fought in Bloody Morning Scout Ambushed by French and retreated with Connecticut and Rhode Island regiments and later with Sir William Johnson Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 8 July 1758, Failed Battle of Fort Carillon/Ticonderoga; 1759, Garrisoned New York.

6th Massachusetts Bay Regiment

Commanders: Colonels. 1745, Richmond, 1756, Tacher's, 1758-1759, Thomas Doty, 1775, Joseph Read

1745, Richmond's 6th Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1745, Siege and Captured Fort Louisbourg. Seven Years' War. 8 September 1755, Fought in Bloody Morning Scout Ambushed by French and retreated with Connecticut and Rhode Island regiments and later with Sir William Johnson Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 8 July 1758, Failed Battle of Fort Carillon/Ticonderoga; 25-27 August 1758, Siege and Captured Fort Frontenac; 1759, Garrisoned New York.

7th Massachusetts Bay Regiment

Commanders: Colonels. 1745, Goreham, 1759, Nichol, 1775, John Mansfield, 1775, Israel Hutchinson

1745, Goreham's 7th Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1745, Siege and Captured Fort Louisbourg. Seven Years' War. 8 September 1755, Fought in Bloody Morning Scout Ambushed by French and retreated with Connecticut and Rhode Island regiments and later with Sir William Johnson Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 8 July 1758, Failed Battle of Fort Carillon/Ticonderoga; 1759, Garrisoned New York.

Montreal Militia Regiment

Commanders: Colonel 1775, Dufils Desaunior, Lieutenant Colonels 1775, Silvestre, 1781, Henry Caldwell, 1775, Major St George Dupre, 1782, Captain Fletcher

1775, Montreal Militia Regiment

American Revolution. 1775, Deployed coys to Montréal, Québec, Trois Rivières; 18 September-3 November 1775, Siege of Fort St. Jean; 25 September-12 November 1775, Battles for Montréal; 19 October 1775, Battle of Fort Chambly; 8-31 December 1775, Siege and Defeated American attack at the Battle of Québec; 1 January - 2 July 1776, Recaptured Montréal and Trois Rivières; 6 May 1776, Defeated Americans at 2nd Battle of Plains of Abraham; 16 May 1776, Captured Fort Cedars; 8 June 1776, Defeated Americans at Battle of Trois-Rivières; 14 June 1776, Defeated Americans at Battle of Sorel; 16 June 1776, Captured Fort Chambly; 24 June 1776, Defeated Americans at Battle of Fort Île aux Noix; 2 July-3 November 1776, Battle of Lake Champlain;

Newfoundland Regiment

1782, British Establishment

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Robert Pringle

1780, Newfoundland Regiment, 1783, Disbanded.

American Revolution. Garrisoned Newfoundland.

New Hampshire Regiment of Militia

1689, Strength 750 men, 1730, Strength 1,800 men in 2 regts, 1760, 9 regts inf 1 regt cavalry, 1773, 12 regts inf

1689, New Hampshire Regiment of Militia.

Colonial Defence. 1689, Garrisoned forts to protect against Indian raids; 1711-1713, Attacks by Indians required full frontier manning.

New Hampshire Provincial Regiment

1746, Strength 350 men in 7 coys, 1746, Strength 900 men in 9 coys, 1755, Strength 500 men

Commander: Colonels 1745, Samuel Moore, 1755 Joseph Blanchard, 1756-1757, Nathaniel Merserve, 1758, John Hart, 1758, Zaccheus Lovewell, 1760 John Goffe

1745, New Hampshire Provincial Regiment, 1755, 1st New Hampshire Provincial Regiment, c1760, Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. August-October 1755, BuiLieutenant and Garrisoned Fort Edward; 8 September 1755, Fought French rear-guard and Captured French Baggage at Lake George 'Bloody Morning Scout' site and then Fought French at Battle of Lake George; 1756, Failed Attack against Fort Crown Point; 1756-1758, Garrisoned and Patrolled Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor; 1757, Garrisoned Fort William Henry; August 1757, Attacked by French and surrendered; 1757-1762, Garrisoned Fort Number 4; 1759, Garrisoned Fort Oswego, 1761-1762, Garrisoned Fort Crown Point.

New Hampshire Provincial Regiment

1755, Strength 300 men

Commander: Colonels 1745, Peter Gillman

1755, 2nd New Hampshire Provincial Regiment, c1760, Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. September 1755-1756, Garrisoned Forts Edward and William Henry.

1st New Jersey Regiment

Commander c1755-1756, Colonel Pieter van Schuyler

1673, Jersey Regiment, c1745, Jersey Blues, 1754, The 1st New Jersey Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1673, Colonial Defence. Seven Years' War. 1753-1758, Garrisoned and Patrolled Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor; 8 September 1755, Fought in Bloody Morning Scout covering retreating Massachusetts and Rhode Island regiments and then with Sir William Johnson Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 1756, Garrisoned Fort Oswego; 15 August 1756, Attacked and Surrendered as prisoners to General Montcalm; 1757, Garrisoned Fort William Henry; August 1757, Attacked by French and surrendered; 8 July 1758, failed Battle of Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; 8 September 1760, Captured Montréal with Lieutenant General Amherst.

New Jersey Royal Volunteer Brigade

2,500 men authorised

Commanders: Brigadier General Cortlandt Skinner, 1st Bn, Colonel Elisha Lawrence, Lieutenant Colonel Stephen de Lancey, 2nd Bn, Colonel John Morris, 3rd Bn, Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Allen, 4th Bn, Lieutenant Colonel Abraham van Buskirk, 5th Bn, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Barton, 6th Bn, Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Allen

1777, New Jersey Volunteers (Skinner's Greens), 1783, Disbanded land granted in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

First Bn. American Revolution. 1776, Garrisoned Staten Island New York; October 1776, Attacked by Brigadier General Mercer's troops; December 1776, Supported Battle of Fort Lee; January 1777, Garrisoned at New Brunswick and Sandy Hook; June 1777, Garrisoned Staten Island; 22 August 1777, Attacked by Major General John Sullivan; 25 April 1778, Amalgamated with 5th Bn and under new commander Barton; September 1778, Battle of Old Tappan; April 1779, Fought off American attack; June 1779, Defeated Skinner's Horse and killed Skinner; 16 January 1780, Defeated Major General Stirling's attack; June 1780, Battle of Connecticut Farms; 23 June 1780, Battle of Springfield; 1780-1783, Garrisoned New Jersey and New York; 1781, Commander de Lancey; 1783, Disbanded in Nova Scotia.

Second Bn. American Revolution. 1776, Raised men from Monmouth County; 2 January 1777, Battle of Monmouth; February 1777, Attacked American militia at Perth Amboy; 30 April 1777, Assigned to be artillery; July 1777, Captured Philadelphia; 11 September 1777, Battle of Brandywine; 4 October 1777, Battle of Germantown; 28 June 1778, Battle of Monmouth Court House; November 1779, Assigned to be infantry and Garrisoned New York; June 1781, Amalgamated into 1st & 4th Bns.
Third Bn. American Revolution. 1776, Raised men from County; September 1778, Battle of Old Tappan; 29 December 1778, Battle of Savannah Georgia; 1779, Garrisoned Savannah; 16 September-18 October 1779, Defeated Siege of Savannah Georgia; 7 October 1780, Battle and Defeated at King's Mountain; 8 September 1781, Battle of Eutaw Springs; June 1781, Amalgamated and renumbered as 2nd Bn.

Fourth Bn. American Revolution. 1776, Raised men organised in 10 companies of varying strength from Bergen County and Garrisoned Staten Island; 22 August 1777, Attacked by Major General John Sullivan; 12 September 1777, Skirmished with Continentals; February 1779, Garrisoned Bergen County and Hoboken New Jersey; 16 January 1780, Defeated Major General Stirling's attack; 1780, Raided Paramus, New Bridge and Newark; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege & Captured Charleston & Defeat of General Lincoln; 8 September 1781, Battle of Eutaw Springs; 1781, Garrisoned Staten Island; June 1781, Amalgamated as 3rd Bn; 6 September 1781, Captured Fort Griswold in Connecticut; 1782-1783, Garrisoned New York.

Fifth Bn. American Revolution. 1776-1777, Garrisoned New York; 29 December 1778, Battle of Savannah Georgia; 1779, Garrisoned Savannah; 16 September-18 October 1779, Defeated Siege of Savannah Georgia.
Sixth Bn. American Revolution. 1776, Raised men from Hunterdon County; 1776-1777, Garrisoned New York; 18 February 1777, Attacked at Bennet’s Neck by surprise with high casualties; 22 August 1777, Attacked by Major General John Sullivan; 25 April 1778, Amalgamated into 3rd Bn.

New York Militia

1777, 20 companies.

American Revolution. Garrisoned New York City.

1st New York Regiment

1756-1757, 1,715 men, 1758, Strength 2,680 men in 3 bns, 1759-1760, Strength 2,680 men in 2 bns, 1760, Strength 1,715 men, 1763, Strength 300 men

1709, Commanders: Colonels Pieter van Schuyler, 1758, Oliver de Lancey

1709, 1st New York Provincial Regiment, 1709, Disbanded, 1755, New York Regiment, c1763, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1709, Raised for cancelled invasion of Canada. Seven Years' War. 1755-1757, Garrisoned and Patrolled Lake George - Lake Champlain Corridor; 8 July 1758, Failed Battle of Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; 4-9 August 1757, Battle and surrender of Fort William Henry to Marquis de Montcalm; 25-27 August 1758, Siege and Captured Fort Frontenac; 25 July 1759, Captured Fort Niagara; 7 September 1760, Forced Surrender of Montréal; 1761-1762, Garrisoned Oswego. Caribbean. 7 June-14 August 1762, Siege and Captured Havana and Fort El Morro. Pontiac's War. 1763-1764, Garrisoned frontier.

Seven Years' War. 8 July 1758, Failed Battle of Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; 4-9 August 1757, Battle and surrender of Fort William Henry to Marquis de Montcalm; 25-27 August 1758, Siege and Captured Fort Frontenac; 25 July 1759, Captured Fort Niagara; 7 September 1760, Forced Surrender of Montréal. Caribbean. 7 June-14 August 1762, Siege and Captured Havana and Fort El Morro. Pontiac's War. 1763, Garrisoned frontier.
Seven Years' War. 8 July 1758, Failed Battle of Fort Carillon/ Ticonderoga; 4-9 August 1757, Battle and surrender of Fort William Henry to Marquis de Montcalm; 25-27 August 1758, Siege and Captured Fort Frontenac.

2nd New York Regiment

1709, Commander: Colonel Whiting

1709, 2nd New York Provincial Regiment, 1709, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. Raised for cancelled invasion of Canada.

3rd New York Regiment

1709, Commander: Colonel Mathews

1709, 3rd New York Provincial Regiment, 1709, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. Raised for cancelled invasion of Canada.

New York Volunteers

Commanders: 1776, Lieutenant Colonels. Archibald Campbell, 1779, George Turnbull

1775, Raised in Canada, 1779, American Establishment as 3rd American Regiment

1775, New York Companies, 1776, New York Volunteers, 1779, 3d American Regiment, (New York Volunteers), 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution. 1776, Garrisoned New York, 1777, 6 October 1777, Captured Forts Clinton & Montgomery; 1778, Garrisoned East Florida; 1779, Garrisoned Savannah; 16 September-18 October 1779, Defeated Siege of Savannah Georgia; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege & Captured Charleston & Defeat of General Lincoln; 1780, Garrison Charleston; 15-16 August 1780, Defeated General Gates at Battle of Camden; December 1780, Raided coastal Virginia;25 April 1781, Battle of Hobkirk Hill; 19 June 1781, Relieved a siege at the Battle of Ninety-Six; 8 September 1781, Battle of Eutaw Springs; 1782, Garrisoned New York.
North Carolina Militia.

Anson County Regiment

1770, Strength 570 men in 9 coys

Commander: 1770, Colonel Samuel Spencer

Anson County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Bute County Regiment

1773, Strength 1,373 men in 13 coys

Commander: 1773, Colonel Thomas Eaton

1773, Bute County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Carteret County Regiment

Commander: 1747, Colonel Thomas Lovick

1747, Carteret County Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1741, Defended against a Spanish attack on Beaufort; 1744, Defended against a Spanish attack on Beaufort; 1747, Defeated a Spanish attack on Beaufort;

Chowan County Regiment

1760, Strength 593 men, 1762, 649 men in 8 coys

Commanders: Colonels 1751, James Craven, 1760, Francis Corbin

c1741, Chowan County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Cumberland County Regiment

1770, 9 coys

Commander: 1770, Colonel James Rutherford

1770, Cumberland County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Currituck County Regiment

c1753, Strength 345 men, 1755 408 men,in 5 coys, 1771, 575 men in 9 coys

Commanders: Colonels Caleb Wilson, Henry White, 1754, William Shergold, 1771, John Woodhouse

c1741, Cranstuck Hunter Regiment, c1755, Currituck County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Dobbs County Regiment

Strength 15 coys

Commander: 1774, Colonel Richard Caswell

1774, Dobbs County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Hertford County Regiment

1769, Strength 528 men, 1772, Strength 691 men in 10 coys

Commanders: Colonels 1769, John Brown, 1772, Benjamin Wynn

1769, Hertford County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Hyde County Regiment

1774, Strength 412 men in 4 coys

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel 1774, Samuel Smith

1774, Hyde County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Johnston County Regiment

1774, Strength 444 men in 6 coys

Commander: 1774 Colonel Needham Bryan

1774, Johnston County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

North Carolina Highlanders

Strength 611 men

1775, North Carolina Highlanders (North Carolina Volunteer Militia), 1776, Disbanded. 1780, North Carolina Highlanders, c1782, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 27 February 1776, Defeated at Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge; 15-16 August 1780, Defeated General Gates at Battle of Camden.

Northhampton County Regiment

1754, Strength 740 men in 7 coys

Commander: 1748, Colonel John Dawson

c1741, Northhampton County Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1747-1748, Defended against Spanish attacks.

Northward Carolina Regiment

1706, c10 coys

c1683, Northward Carolina Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1706, Deplyed seven coys to Chareston and Defeated Spanish attack.

Onslow County Regiment of Militia

1754, Strength 618 men in 8 coys

Commander: 1754, Colonel John Starkey

c1754, Onslow County Regiment of Militia.

Colonial Defence.

Orange County Regiment

1755, Strength 365 men in 4 coys

Commander: c1754, Lieutenant Colonel Josiah Dickson

1755, Orange County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Pasquotank County Regiment

1775, Strength c527 men in 7 coys

Commander: 1775, Robert Murden

1775, Pasquotank County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Perquimans County Regiment

1754, Strength 395 men in 6 xoys (plus Quakers)

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel John Harvey

1754, Perquimans County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Pitt County Regiment

1773, Strength 580 men in 8 coys

Commander: 1773, Colonel John Tison

1773, Pitt County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Rowan County Regiment

1766, c20 coys

Commander: 1766, Colonel John F Osborn

1766, Rowan County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Tyril County Regiment

1758, Strength 508 men in 5 coys

1758, Tyril County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Wake County Regiment

1772, Strength 689 men, 1773, Strength 731 men in 10 coys

Commander: 1772 Colonel John Hinton

1773, Wake County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

North Carolina Provincials

Strength 550 men

1761, North Carolina Provincials, 1776, Disbanded

Colonial Defence. 1761, Formed as defence against Indian attacks; 1775-1776, Deployed against the rebels.

Nova Scotia Militia

Strength 2 bns

c1773, Nova Scotia Militia Regiment

American Revolution. c1773-1781, Garrisoned Nova Scotia.

Nova Scotia Militia Regiment

Strength 7 regts at Annapolis Cumberland Halifax Lunenburg King Queen's & Windsor

1753, Nova Scotia Militia Regiment

Seven Years' War. 1755, Garrisoned Nova Scotia at Lunenburg Halifax & Dartmouth.

Nova Scotia Volunteers

c1777, Nova Scotia Volunteers.

American Revolution. 1777-1778, Garrisoned Halifax.

Oglethorpe's 42nd Regiment of Foot

Commander: Colonel James Oglethorpe

1737, Oglethorpe's 42nd Regiment of Foot, 1749, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1 January 1740, Battles of San Juan River and Captured Castillo de San Francisco and Forts de Pupo and Picolata; 31 May-4 July 1740, Failed Siege of St Augustine; 7 July 1742, Battle of Bloody Swamp St Simon's Island; March 1743, Attack on St. Augustine and Castillo de San Marcos.

Pennsylvania Regiment

1756-1757, Strength 2 bns, 1758, Strength 2,544 men in 3 bns, 1764, Strength 2 bns

1756, Pennsylvania Regiment. 1764, Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. 1756-1760, Garrisoned frontier against French and Indians; 7 September 1757, Attacked & Destroyed Delaware Indian villages; 19 September 1758, Defeated with Grant by French Ambush; 25 November 1758, Siege and Captured Fort du Quesne; 1758, Garrisoned Fort Ligonier; 12 October-12 November 1758, Defeated French Attacks; 1759-1760, Supported construction of Fort Pitt and Garrisoned Pittsburgh. Pontiac's War. 1764, Joined Bouquet's Expedition against Indians.

Pennsylvania Loyalists

Never at strength

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel William Allen Jr

1777, Pennsylvania Loyalists (1st Battalion), 1781, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution. 1777-1778, Garrisoned Philadelphia & Skirmished into New Jersey; 1779-1781, Garrisoned Pensacola; 9 March-8 May 1781, Besieged at Pensacola Defeated and Surrendered to Spanish General Bernardo de Gálvez.

Prince of Wales's American Regiment

1776, Strength 610 men

1776, Prince of Wales's American Volunteers, 1777, Prince of Wales's American Regiment, 1783, Disbanded in New Brunswick.

American Revolution. 25 April 1777, Raid on Danbury; August 1778, Defeated Siege of Neuport; 28 August 1778, Battle of Quaker Hill; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege & Capture of Charleston & Defeat of General Lincoln; 6 August 1780, Battle of Hanging Rock; 1780-1781, Garrisoned South Carolina.

Provincial Light Battalion

Temporary unit of Provincial flank coys

1781, Provincial Light Battalion.

American Revolution. 25 April 1781, Battle of Hobkirk's Hill; 19 June 1781, Relieved a siege at the Battle of Ninety-Six; 8 September 1781, Battle of Eutaw Springs.

Québec Militia

1762, Raised and equipped c18 bns with French Canadian men.

Colonial Defence. 1764, Québec bns mobilsed; June 1764, BuiLieutenant Fort Erie; 27 August 1764, Occupied Fort Detroit; September 1764, Detroit Volunteers moved to Occupy & Garrison Fort Michilimackinac.

Queen's Loyal Virginia Regiment

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel James Ellegood

1775, 1776, Amalgamated with The Queen's Rangers, 1776, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 9 December 1775, Defeated and Captured while defending Great Bridge Island.

Rhode Island Provincial Regiment

1755, Strength 750 men, 1778, Strength 1,000 men

Commanders: 1755, Lieutenant Colonel Edward Cole, Colonels 1756, Benjamin Wickham, 1757, Samuel Angel, 1758-1759, Henry Babcock, 1760, Christopher Harris, 1761, John Whiting, 1762, Samuel Rose

1755, Rhode Island Provincial Regiment, 1763, Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. 1755, Garrisoned Forts Edward and William Henry; 8 September 1755, Fought in Bloody Morning Scout Ambushed by French and retreated with Connecticut and Massachusetts regiments and later with Sir William Johnson Defeated General von Diskau at the Battle of Lake George; 1757, Garrisoned Fort Edward, 8 July 1758, Failed Battle of Fort Carillon/Ticonderoga; 25-27 August 1758, Siege and Captured Fort Frontenac; 1760, Garrisoned Crown Point; 1761-1763, Garrisoned Fort Stanwix.Caribbean. 7 June-14 August 1762, Siege and Captured Havana and Fort El Morro.

Roman Catholic Volunteers

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Clifton

1777, Roman Catholic Volunteers, 1778, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1777-1778, Garrisoned Philadelphia & Skirmished into New Jersey.

Royal American Reformees

1778, established for 780 men?

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Rudolphus Ritzema

1778, Royal American Reformees.

American Revolution. Garrisoned New York.

Batteaux Corps

[Formed for specific operations to move supplies by canoe or boat the armed men were organised for a specific operation in groupd of 50 -1,500 men. Used from the earliest colonial eras.]

American Revolution. Herkimer's Bateaux Company: 1781-1784, Commander: Captain Han Jost Herkimer; 1781, Formed in New York.
American Revolution. Royal Batteaux Volunteers: 1779, Formed in Jamaica; 29 April 1780, Ferried supplies for the Capture of Fort San Juan; 29 October 1780, Jamaica Volunteers.
American Revolution. Van Alstine's Bateaux: 1777, Commander: Captain Peter Van Alstine; May-October 1777, Supported Major General Burgoyne's failed invasion; 1779, Armed the bateau men.

Royal Fencible American Regiment

Strength c460 men raised in Nova Scotia

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Gorham, Major Thomas Moncrieff

1775, Royal Fencible American Regiment, October 1783, Disbanded at Halifax.

American Revolution. 1775,1783, Garrisoned Nova Scotia; 29 November 1776, Attacked and Defeated Americans at Fort Cumberland; 1776-1783, Garrisoned Fort Cumberland;

Royal Garrison Regiment

1778, Royal Garrison Battalion, 1783, Disbanded in England.

American Revolution. 18-19 August 1779, Defended at Battle of Paulus Hook ; 1780-1783, Garrisoned Bermuda.

Royal Highland Emigrants

Raised in Canada from Sir William Johnson's Scots and Irish settlers, 1775, 2 bns, 1779, British Establishment as 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants), 2000, (The Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders, claim descent in Canada)

Commanders: Colonel 1782, General Guy Carelton, Lieutenant Colonels 1st Bn 1775, Allan MacLean, 2nd Bn 1775, John Small

Commanders: Colonels 1783, Sir Guy Carleton, 1775, Lieutenant Colonels 1st Bn Allan MacLean and 2nd Bn John Small

1775, Royal Highland Emigrants, 1778, 84th Regiment of Foot (Royal Highland Emigrants), 1784, Disbanded in Canada.

1st Bn. American Revolution. 7 October 1775, Battle of Bristol Rhode Island; 14 November 1776, Battle at Fort St Jean; 14 November 1775-1 January 1776, Siege and Battle of Québec City Defeated Generals Arnold and Montgomery; 27 February 1776, Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge; 28 June 1776, Battle of Charlestown; 1777-1782, Garrisoned Québec; 28 July-13 August 1779, Battle of Penobscot (Bagaduce); 23 October 1780, Battle of Hampton Roads. Caribbean. 1782-1783, Garrisoned Jamaica. Canada. 1783-1784, Garrisoned Canada.

2nd Bn. American Revolution. 1775-1776, Garrisoned Halifax Nova Scotia Newfoundland and New Brunswick; November 1776, Captured Newport; 11 September-4 October 1777, Occupied Philadelphia; 4 October 1777, Battle of Germantown; 29 July-28 August 1778, Siege and Captured Newport; 28 July-13 August 1779, Battle of Bagaduce; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege & Captured Charleston & Defeated General Lincoln; 23 October 1780, Battle of Hampton Roads; 23-24 January 1781, Battle of Wiggin's Plantation; 6 March 1781, Battle of Wiboo Swamp; 14-27 March 1781, Battle of Lower Bridge of Black River; 12 May 1781, Battle of Fort Motte; 8 September 1781, Battle of Eutaw Springs; 19 August 1782, Battle of Fair Lawn; 27 August 1782, Battle of Combahee Ferry; 1782, Garrisoned Jamaica; 1783, Returned to Halifax.

Royal North British Volunteers

1775, Royal North British Volunteers, 1777, Disbanded.

1775, Defended in Siege of Boston.

Royal North Carolina Regiment

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel John Hamilton

1781, Strength 600 men

1780, Royal North Carolina Regiment, 1782, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 177Garrisoned South Carolina; 15-16 August 1780, Defeated General Gates at Battle of Camden.

Shirley's New England Regiment

1754, Strength 2 bns, 1754, American Establishment as 50th (Shirley's) Regiment of Foot (American Provincials)

Commanders: Colonel William Shirley, Lieutenant Colonels 1st Bn John Winslow, 2nd Bn Scott

1754, William Shirley's New England Regiment, 1754, 50th (Shirley's) Regiment of Foot (American Provincials), 1756, Disbanded at Oswego.

1st Bn. Colonial Defence. Seven Years' War. August 1754, Raised 800 militiamen in Massachusetts for failed Attack on French in Kennebec Maine; November 1754-April 1755, Garrisoned Fort Oswego; 3-16 June 1755, Siege and Captured Fort Beauséjour; 17 June 1755, Captured abandoned Fort Gaspareaux; July 1755, Garrisoned Forts Oswego Ontario and George; 11-14 August 1756, Attacked and Surrendered to Major General Montcalm and 3,000 French and Canadian troops and Indians; 15 August 1756, Captured by the French with 30-100 Americans scalped and killed after their surrender.

2nd Bn. Colonial Defence. Seven Years' War. February 1755, Raised in New England; February-April 1755, Garrisoned Fort Oswego;3-16 June 1755, Siege and Captured Fort Beauséjour; 17 June 1755, Captured abandoned Fort Gaspareaux; July 1755, Deployed to garrison Forts Oswego Ontario and George; 11-14 August 1756, Attacked and Surrendered to Major General Montcalm and 3,000 French and Canadian troops and Indians; 15 August 1756, Captured by the French with 30-100 Americans scalped and killed after their surrender.
South Carolina Militia

Beaufort County Regiment

Commander: 1764, Colonel William Brown

Beaufort County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Burkeley County Regiment

c1727, Burkeley County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Charles town Regiment

c1705, Charles town Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1706, Defeated Spanish attack on Charleston; 1759, Garrisoned Charleston to free provincials to attack Creek Indians.

Colleton County Regiment

c1732, Colleton County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Craven County Regiment

1755, Strength 533 men in 8 coys, c1757, 1,870 men in 30 coys

Commander: 1755, Colonel Edward Griffith

c1697, Craven County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Governor's Horse Guard

1673, 1 tp, 1739, 2 tps

1673, Governor's Horse Guard.

Colonial Defence.

Granville County Regiment

1754, Strength 787 men in 8 coys, 1757, 807 men in 9 coys

Commander: c1754, Colonel William Eaton

c1733, Granville County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Colonel Howarth's South Carolina Regiment

1758, Strength c500 men in 7 coys, 1759, Strength 300 men in 3 coys

Commander: Colonel Howarth

1757, Colonel Howarth's South Carolina Regiment, 1760, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1758, BuiLieutenant and Garrisoned Forts Loudoun and Lyttelton; 1759, Fought Cherokee Indians; 1760, Attacked by Cherokees at Fort Loudoun & under siege for eight months; August 1760, Surrendered to Cherokees but 25 killed and 75 captured by Cherokees.

Colonel Middleton's South Carolina Regiment

1758, Strength c700 men in 10 coys

Commander: Colonel Middleton

1760, Colonel Middleton's South Carolina Regiment, 1761, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. May 1761, Attacked Cherokees; September 1761, Defeated Cherokee attack on supplies.

Mounted Rangers

1761, Strength 525 cavalry in 7 tps

1760, Mounted Rangers, 1762, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1761, Fought Cherokee Indians.

New District Regiment

1773, New District Regiment.

Colonial Defence.
Ninety Six Regiment

1767, Ninety Six Regiment.

Colonial Defence.
Saluda County Regiment

1764, Saluda County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Southward Carolina Regiment

1706, Strength c1,500 men

c1683, Southward Carolina Regiment.

Colonial Defence. 1706, Defeated Spanish attack on Charleston; 1715, Mobilised to fight Yamasee & Creek Indian attacks and reorganised into three regts and deplyed south of Charleston; November 1715, Defeated Yamasee & Creek Indians.

St Marks Regiment

1758, St Mark's Regiment, c1771, Camden Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Upper Berkeley County Regiment

c1742, Upper Berkeley County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.
Upper Saluda County Regiment

1774, Upper Saluda Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

Colonel van der Dussen's Provincial Regiment of South Carolina

1740, Strength c427 men in 8 coys

Commander: Colonel van der Dussen

1740, Colonel van der Dussen's Provincial Regiment of South Carolina, 1740, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. cJune 1740, Joined General Ollethorpe in failed Attack against Spanish colonial forces.

Welsh Track County Regiment

c1742, Welsh Track County Regiment.

Colonial Defence.

South Carolina Royalists

May 1778, Raised in East Florida 2 tps dragoons 4 coys infantry, 1781, Became mounted

Commander: Colonel Innes

1779, South Carolina Royalists, 1783, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1779, Garrisoned East Florida; 1779, Garrisoned Savannah; 16 September-18 October 1779, Defeated Siege of Savannah Georgia; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege of Charleston; 25 April 1781, Battle of Hobkirk's Hill; 19 June 1781, Relieved a siege at the Battle of Ninety-Six; 8 September 1781, Battle of Eutaw Springs; November 1782, Garrisoned New York.

Stoddard's Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment

Commanders: 1744, Colonel Stoddard.

Colonial Defence. 1744, Patolled the north-western frontier.

United Pennsylvania and Maryland Regiment

1780, United Pennsylvania and Maryland Regiment.

American Revolution.

Virginia Cavalry Association

Commander: 1756, Colonel Peyton Randolph

1756, Virginia Cavalry Association.

Seven Years' War. Patrolled Frontier against Indian attack.

Virginia Militia

1664, Strength 19 regts

1651, County Regiments formed from independent coys.

Colonial Defence. Used primarily against frontier Indian raids.

The First Virginia Regiment

1754, 9 coys of rangers, carpenters and cavalry, 1755, Strength 1,000 men

Commanders: Colonels 1754, Joshua Fry, 1755-1760, George Washington, 1756, Lieutenant Colonel Adam Stephen, 1760, Colonel William Byrd III

1754, The Virginia Regiment, 1755, The Virginia Provincial Regiment, 1758, The 1st Virginia Provincial Regiment, 1759, The Virginia Regiment, 1762, Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. 1754, Garrisoned frontier against French and Indians; 28 May 1754, Defeated French at Jumonville Glen; 3 July 1754, Defeated and Surrendered at Battle of the Great Meadows at Fort Necessity;[4] 9 July 1755, Defeated at Battle of the Monongahela; 1755-1758, Patrolled Virginia frontier; 19 September 1758, Defeated with Grant by French Ambush; 25 November 1758, Siege and Captured Fort du Quesne. 1759, Supported construction of Fort Pitt and Garrisoned Pittsburgh; 1760-1762, Attacked and Defeated Cherokee Indian in tribal homeland.

The Second Virginia Regiment

1758, Strength 1,000 men

Commanders: 1758, Lieutenant Colonels William Byrd III, George Mercer.

1758, 2nd Virginia Provincial Regiment, 1758, Disbanded.

Seven Years' War. 25 November 1758, Siege and Captured Fort Duquesne.

Volunteers of Ireland

c1777, Strength 2 bns of Pennsylvanian men, 1779, American Establishment as 2nd American Regiment, 1782, British Establishment as 105th Regiment of Foot

Commander: 1758, Lieutenant Colonel Baron Francis Rawdon

1777, Volunteers of Ireland, 1779, 2nd American Regiment (Volunteers of Ireland), 1782, 105th Regiment of Foot, 1784, Disbanded in America.

American Revolution. 1777-1778, Garrisoned Philadelphia & Skirmished into New Jersey; 1778-1779, Garrisoned New York and New Jersey; 11 February-12 May 1780, Siege & Captured Charleston & Defeat of General Lincoln; 15-16 August 1780, Defeated General Gates at Battle of Camden; 25 April 1781, Battle of Hobkirk's Hill.

Volunteers of New England

1782, Volunteers of New England.

American Revolution.

West Jersey Volunteers

Raised in New Jersey,

West Jersey Volunteers.

American Revolution.

West Florida Royal Foresters

1778, West Florida Royal Foresters.

American Revolution.

West Florida Provincial Regiment

1778, British Provincial Establishment

Commanders: 1778, Lieutenant Colonel John McGillivray Dr

1778, West Florida Loylists, 1781, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1778-1781, Garrisoned and patrolled coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and western Florida; 18 March-20 November 1778, Fought Americans at Mobile, Natchez, Manchae.

West Florida Loyal Refugees

4 coys (Natchez to Charleston)

Commanders: 1777, Colonel John Stuart

1777, West Florida Loylists, 1781, Disbanded.

American Revolution. 1777-1781, Organised Indian aid Guided British units and Patrolled coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and western Florida.

Westchester Refugees Regiment

Raised in New York

Westchester Refugees Regiment.

American Revolution.

Willis' Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment

Commanders: 1745, Colonel Willis

1745, Willis' Massachusetts Bay Provincial Regiment, 1745, Disbanded.

Colonial Defence. 1745, Patolled the north-western frontier.

ENDNOTES

1            For references see various regimental websites, Regiments at, http://www.regiments.org/regiments/na-canada/lists/cargxref.htm, John K. Robertson and Bob McDonald, http://www.revwar75.com/crown/chrono.htm, http://www.regiments.org/regiments/na-usa/lists/loy1781.htm, Military Organizations in Colonial North Carolina, at http://www.mindspring.com/~jsruss/colonial/; http://www.townshipsheritage.com/Eng/Hist/Military/rangers.html, http://www.revwar75.com/crown/loyal1.htm#7, http://www.revwar75.com/ob/books.htm, List of British units in the American Revolutionary War at, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_British_Forces_in_the_American_Revolutionary_War; http://orbat.com/site/history/historical/usa/ independence 1776.html, National Park Service, American Unit Lineages, www.nps.gov/colo/Ythanout American%20Unit%20Lineages, http://americanrevolution.org/, http:// http://The Revolutionary War, American Units, www.uswars.net/1775-1783/units-american/index.htm, The On-Line Institute for Loyalist Studies, Loyalist Regiments at, http://www.royalprovincial.com/military/rlist/rlist.htm; and The On-Line Institute for Loyalist Studies at, http://www.royalprovincial.com/military/rhist/nyv/nyvlist.htm; The On-Line Institute for Loyalist Studies at, New York Volunteers, http://www.royalprovincial.com/military/rhist/drafted.htm; Sir William Johnson, Indian Superintendent: Colonial Development and Expansionism at, http://earlyamerica.com/review/fall96/johnson.html; www.angelfire.com/nc/Lockes/Lockes1.html, The Loyalist Collection, MIC-Loyalist FC LFR .M4F3P3, History of Nova Scotia at http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk1/Part5/Ch09.htm#First and Acadia at http://www.blupete.com/Hist/NovaScotiaBk1/Part4/Ch14.htm, http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-of-Louisbourg.htm, http://www.fortklock.com/Timeline1778.htm, http://olivetreegenealogy.com/loy/reg/index.shtml, http://personal.nbnet.nb.ca/halew/Raymond38.html, http://www.lib.unb.ca/collections/loyalist/seeOne.php?id=480&string, Paul Redmond Drew, 'Sir William Johnson - Indian Superintendent, The Role of Sir William Johnson In the Colonial Development of America and His Involvement in the Expansionist Policies of the British Imperial Government', at http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/fall96/johnson.html; René Chartrand, Colonial American Troops 1610-1774 (1), (2), & (3), Robert K. Wright Jr, The Continental Army; William Smith Jr, The History of the Province of New York, Vol III; James Flexner, Mohawk Baronet: A Biography of Sir William Johnson; Christopher Moore, The Loyalists; The Orderly Book of Sir John Johnson, During the Oriskany Campaign, 1776-1777; Philip Katcher, The American Provincial Corps, 1775-1784; Robin May, The British Army in North America, 1775-83; Pierre Berton, The Invasion of Canada, 1812-1813. I have also used John K. Robertson and Don Hagist, Biographies of Crown Forces Generals Commanding Troop Units at, http://www.revwar75.com/crown/bio.htm.

2               Harv Hilowitz, Revolutionary War Chronology & Almanac, 1754-1783, notes that 1,000 Canadians fought in American units on the Patriot side. Hilowitz also notes that30,000 - 50,000 colonial 'Loyalists' served in militia, fencible, or irregular units during the American Revolution 1776-1781.

3              The colonists developed their own militia to cope with Indian attacks and later used the same militia and strategies in the Revolution. Indians attacked with no warning and a reserve of armed men were maintained on a few 'minutes' notice to deploy. From this concept comes the title Minutemen.

4               Washington is credited as initiating the French and Indian War, which in turn was a theatre of the larger Seven Year's War. See Robin May, Wolfe's Army, p.4. May notes Churchill described this as the First World War.

home · introduction · genealogy · background · maps · bibliography · search · contact