CANADIAN FENCIBLE, MILITIA, AND PROVINCIAL CORPS: RAISED FROM 1783

Introduction

Most of these regiments were raised in Canada. Many Loyalist units in the former New England colonies were short-lived, being driven in war by necessity. Many British and Loyalist unit members were granted land in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. I have identified regimental, or battalion-sized, units up to the 1867 Confederation of Canada - plus a few historical units. The units are organised alphabetically.

Table Organisation

The following table shows Canadian and British colonial regiments, raised in what would become Canada. The local threats and Theatres of War area included the War of 1812 (1812-1815), the American-Irish Fenian Raids (1865-1870) to strike at Britain via Canada, the NorthWest Rebellions of 1884-1885 and 1870, plus Canada. Some of the colonies raised troops during the earlier Seven Years' War (1755-1763) and the American Revolution (1775-1783).

Outline regimental lineages and histories are shown, with commanders. The units are organised numerically based on the 1751 seniority enumeration. Their service is separated into Theatres or Wars by periods. Their dates are separated by commas and their battles are separated by semicolons within the same theatre or war. I have shown military Caribbean deployments because Canada did not gain sovereignty until 1867 and the British had to defend government policy and were often deliberately distracted from some primary objective to reduce British strength at the key point.

There is some confusion about regimental names, because of reorganisations and the early naming after commanders. I am sure of errors as various people have made interpretations and translations over the years.[1] Readers will note generally fewer details of Canadian colonial battles, as I did not found good sources while I lived outside Canada. I have abbreviated the military terms in the table for: battalion (bn); company (coy); detachment (det); and regiment (regt).

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Fencible & Provincial Corps

Unit Name

Service

Cavalry

Boulton's Mounted Infantry

Commander: Major Charles A. Boulton

1885, Boulton's Mounted Infantry, 1885, Disbanded, 1912, 32nd Manitoba Horse, 1936, Disbanded.

North West Campaign. 24 April 1885, Battle of Fish Creek; 9-12 May 1885, Battle of BatŰche.

Canadian Chausseurs

c1811

War of 1812. 6-13 September 1814, Battle of Plattsburg.

Compagnie des Guides

1812

War of 1812. 1812-1815, Garrisoned Montréal. Fenian Raids. 9 June 1866, Defeated Fenian Raid into Lower Canada.

Dorchester Provincial Light Dragoons

1813, Dorchester Provincial Light Dragoons, 1815, Disbanded.

1813 / 1815

Governor General's Horse Guards

Colonel Alf Moore (WW I)

1855, 1st Troop of Volunteer Militia Cavalry of the County of York, 1867, The Governor General's Body Guard for Ontario, 1936, Governor General's Horse Guards,

Fenian Raids. 3 June 1866, Fenian Raid near Niagara.

Manitoba Dragoons

1893, Manitoba Dragoons, 1903, 12th Manitoba Dragoons, 1935, Amalgamated with The Border Horse, 1946 18th Armoured Car Regiment (12th Dragoons), 1958, 12th Manitoba Dragoons, 1964 Disbanded.

North West Campaign.

Merritt's Light Dragoons

AKA Niagara Light Dragoons

Commander: Major Thomas Merritt

c1810

War of 1812. 13 October 1812, Battle of Queenston Heights;26-27 May 1813, Defeated at Battle of Fort George; 6 June 1813, Battle of Stoney Creek.

New Brunswick Regiment of Yeomanry Cavalry

1848, New Brunswick Regiment of Yeomanry Cavalry, 1872, 8th Regiment of Cavalry, 1884, 8th Princess Louise's New Brunswick Regiment of Cavalry, 1960, 8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's).

Canada.

The Queen's Own Canadian Hussars

1856, The Queen's Own Canadian Hussars, 1903, 10th Queen's Own Canadian Hussars, 1936, Disbanded.

Canada.

The Queen's Rangers

1791, The Queen's Rangers, 1802, Disbanded.

Canada.

2nd Dragoons

1812, Captain John Claus' regiment

1812, The Niagara Light Dragoons, 1813, The Niagara Provincial Light Dragoons, 1815, Disbanded.

War of 1812.

The Rocky Mountain Rangers

1885

North West Campaign.

Royal Canadian Dragoons

Lieutenant Jim Elmsley (Boer War)

1883, Cavalry School Corps, 1893, Royal Canadian Dragoons.

North West Campaign.

The Royal Montréal Cavalry

1812, Montréal Cavalry, 1815, The Royal Montréal Cavalry, 1860, Montréal Militia Cavalry Squadron, 1885, 6th Regiment of Cavalry, 1892, 6th Duke of Connaught's Royal Canadian Hussars, 1958, Disbanded.

War of 1812. Garrisoned Lower Canada. Fenian Raids. 25 May 1870, Defeated Fenians at Battle of Eccles Hill.

Volunteer Militia Cavalry (Ontario)

1855, Independent troops, 1874, Disbanded.

Fenian Raids.

Volunteer Militia Cavalry (Québec)

1856, 3 x independent troops, 1869, Disbanded.

Fenian Raids.

Artillery

The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery

1855, Volunteer Militia Field Battery of Québec, 1870, Garrison Artillery, 1883, Regiment of Canadian Artillery, 1893, The Royal Canadian Artillery, 1956, The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery.

Canada.

Corps of Provincial Artificers

1813, Corps of Provincial Artificers, 1815, Disbanded.

War of 1812.

Corps of Provincial Royal Artillery Drivers

1813

War of 1812.

Infantry

Battalion of Incorporated Militia of Upper Canada

1812, Battalion of Incorporated Militia of Upper Canada, 1815 Disbanded.

War of 1812. 27 April 1813, Battle Burned Occupied Muddy York (Toronto); 26-27 May 1813, Defeated at Battle of Fort George; 5 July-15 August 1814, Niagara Campaign; 25 July 1814, Battle of Lundy's Lane; 4 August-21 September 1814, Failed Siege of Fort Erie.

Brant's Volunteers

Mohawk and Seneca Indians and white Loyalists

c1790, Built church at Brant's Ford (Brantford)

Commanders: Captain Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea), Colonel William Claus (as Indian Superintendent)

1777, Brant's Volunteers, 1783, Disbanded in Canada.

American Revolution. 6 August 1777, Battle of Oriskany;1-4 July 1778, Wyoming Valley Raid; 4 July 1778, Captured Forty Fort; 18 July 1778, Captured and Destroyed Springfield and Andrews Town; 8 October 1778, Raided Ulster County; 10-11 November 1778, Battled Americans at Cherry Valley; 29 August 1779, Battle of Newton-Chemung; 17 September 1778, Raided and Burned German Flats; 17 October 1780, Battle of Schoharie; 19 October 1780, Battle of Stone Arabia; 21 October 1780, Battle of Klock's Field.

British Indian Department

Commanders: c1797-c1816, Deputy Superintendant-General of the British Indian Department Colonel William Claus, c1812-c1816, Lt Colonel Deputy Superintendant Western District Matthew Elliot, c1800-c1816, Robert Hamilton Dickson, Simon Girty, Alexander Mckee, 1816, Deputy Superintendant Western District William Caldwell,

War of 1812. 1812-1814, Consistently coordinated Indian attacks against invading American armies. 16 July 1812, Dickson led 130 Sioux Winnebago and Menominee warriors and Attacked and Captured the strategic Michilimackinac Island; 16-17 August 1812, led by Tecumseh and Major General Issac Brock and Attacked and Captured the Fort and town of Detroit; 11-13 October 1812, fought with General Brock and Defeated American Attack at Niagara's Queenston Heights; 22 January 1813, Defeated American Major General William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Frenchtown at the River Raisin; May 1813, Defeated American relief force at Fort Meigs; 5 October 1813, Defeated by American at the Battle of the Thames.

Canadian Corps of Voyageurs

1812, Canadian Corps of Voyageurs, 1814, Disbanded.

War of 1812. 26 October 1813, Battle of Chate‚uguay; 11 November 1813, Battle of Crysler's Farm.

Canadian Grenadier Guards

1859, First Bn Volunteer Militia Rifles of Canada, Canadian Grenadier Guards

 

Canadian Regiment of Fencible Infantry

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Peter

1803, Canadian Regiment of Fencible Infantry, 1816, Disbanded.

War of 1812. 26 October 1813, Battle of Chate‚uguay; February 1814, Battle of Salmon River; 30 March 1814, Battle of La Colle Mill.

Canadian Voltigeurs

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Charles-Michel de Salaberry

1812, Canadian Voltigeurs, 1815, Disbanded.

War of 1812. 28-29 May 1813, Battle of Sackett's Harbour; 26 October 1813, Battle of Chate‚uguay; 30 March 1814, Battle of La Colle Bridge; 6-11 September 1814, Battle of Plattsburg.

Cape Breton Highlanders

1871, Victoria Provisional Battalion of Infantry, 1885, 94th Victoria Battalion of Infantry (Argyle Highlanders), 1920, The Cape Breton Highlanders, 1954, Disbanded.

Canada.

Dunbar's Regiment of Fencible Infantry

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Sir Benjamin Dunbar Bt

1798?

Canada.

Essex Militia and York Volunteers

1812, Essex Militia and York Volunteers, 1815, Disbanded.

War of 1812. 13 October 1812, Battle of Queenston Heights; 27 April 1813, Battle Burned Occupied Muddy York (Toronto); 26-27 May 1813, Defeated at Battle of Fort George.

Glengarry Light Infantry Fencibles

1812, British Establishment

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward Baynes

1811, The Glengarry Light Infantry Fencibles, 1816, Disbanded.

War of 1812. 22 February 1813, Battle of Ogdensburg; 27 April 1813, Battle Burned Occupied Muddy York (Toronto); 26-27 May 1813, Defeated at Battle of Fort George; 28-29 May 1813, Battle of Sackett's Harbour; 18 December 1813, Battle of Fort Niagara; 6 May 1814, Battle and Captured of Fort Oswego; 5 July 1814, Battle of Chippawa; 5 July-15 August 1814, Niagara Campaign; 25 July 1814, Battle of Lundy's Lane; 4 August-21 September 1814, Failed Siege of Fort Erie; 19 October 1814, Battle of Cooks Mills.

Independent Companies of Foreigners 

Recruited from French POWs

1812, Independent Companies of Foreigners, 1814, Disbanded.

War of 1812. April 1813, Raid on Craney Island Virginia; 1813-1814, Garrisoned Halifax.

88th Kamouraska and Charlevoix Battalion of Infantry

1869, Provisional Battalion of Kamouraska, 1882, 88th Kamouraska and Charlevoix Battalion of Infantry, 1901, Disbanded.

Fenian Raids. 1869, Garrisoned Québec.

The Kent Regiment

1793, Regiment of Kent, 1866, 24th Kent Battalion of Infantry, 1920, The Kent Regiment, 1954, Disbanded.

War of 1812. 1-9 May 1812, Battle of Fort Meigs Ohio; 16 August 1812, Battle of Detroit; 13 October 1812, Battle of Queenston Heights.

King's County Regiment

c1826, King's County Regiment, 1875, King's County Provisional Battalion of Infantry, 1884, Disbanded.

Canada. c1826-1884, Garrisoned Prince Edward Island.

King's New Brunswick Regiment

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Beverley Robinson

1793, The King's New Brunswick Regiment, 1802, Disbanded.

1793-1802, Garrisoned New Brunswick; August 1795, Capturedd American raiders French privateer and crew.

Lower Canada Select Embodied Militia

1812, 5th Select Embodied Militia, 1815, Disbanded.

War of 1812. 26 October 1813, Battle of Chate‚uguay; 6-11 September 1814, Battle of Plattsburg.

Loyal London Volunteers

1813, Loyal London Volunteers, Disbanded.

War of 1812.

Michigan Fencibles

Commanders: Captain William McKay and Robert Dickson

1813, Michigan Fencibles, 1815, Disbanded.

War of 1812. 9 October 1812, Battle of Fort Erie; 1814, Defence of Michilimacinac.

The Middlesex and Huron Regiment

1812, 2 x bns

1800, Regiment of Middlesex, 1866, 26th Middlesex Battalion of Infantry, 1920, The Middlesex Light Infantry, 1936, Amalgamated with The Huron Regiment, 1936, The Middlesex and Huron and Regiment, 1946, Disbanded.

War of 1812.

60th Missiquoi Battalion

Commander: Lieutenant Colonels Brown Chamberlin, William Osborne Smith

Fenian Raids. 25 May 1870, Defeated Fenians at Battle of Eccles Hill.

Mississippi Volunteers

1814, Mississippi Volunteers, 1815, Disbanded.

War of 1812.

Nassau Militia

3 x bns

1788, Nassau Militia, 1816, Disbanded.

War of 1812.

New Brunswick Fencible Infantry

1810, British Establishment

1824-1836, Major Alexander Mackenzie

Commanders: Lieutenant Colonels 1803, Martin Hunter, c1813, John Coffin

1803, New Brunswick Fencible Infantry, 1810, 104th Regiment of Foot (New Brunswick Regiment), 1817, Disbanded.

Canada. 1808-1809, Garrisoned Cape Breton. War of 1812. 1813, Garrisoned New Brunswick Québec and Kingston; 27 May 1813, Battle of Fort George; 28 May 1813, Battle of Sackett's Harbour; 6 June 1813, Battle of Stoney Creek; 24 June 1813, Battle of Beaver Dams; 8 July 1813, Battle and reCaptured of Fort George; 25 July 1814, Battle of Lundy's Lane; 4 August-21 September 1814, Siege of Fort Erie.

Newfoundland Fencible Infantry Regiment

1782, British Establishment, 1795, Provincial Establishment,

Commanders: Lieutenant Colonels 1782, Thomas Skinner, 1812, John Skerrett,

1778, Pringle's Newfoundland Volunteers, 1780, Newfoundland Regiment, 1795, The Royal Newfoundland Regiment, 1803, Newfoundland Regiment of Fencible Infantry, 1806, Royal Newfoundland Regiment, 1824, Newfoundland Veteran Companies, 1862, Amalgamated with The Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment, 1914, 1st Newfoundland Regiment, 1919, Disbanded.

Canada. 1778-1784, Garrisoned St John's Newfoundland; 1803, Garrisoned Lower Canada; 1796, Deployed and Defended St John's against French Attack; 1803-1816, Garrisoned St John's Newfoundland; 1806, Garrisoned Halifax; 1807, Garrisoned Halifax Annapolis Cape Breton and Québec. War of 1812. 16 August 1812, Battle of Detroit; 21 January 1813, Battle of Miami (now called Maumee) on River Raisin; 22 February 1813, Battle of Ogdensburg; 27 April 1813, Battle and Defeated at Muddy York (Toronto); 26-27 May 1813, Defeated at Battle of Fort George; 28-29 May 1813, Battle of Sackett's Harbour; 6 June 1813, Battle of Stoney Creek; 9 September 1813, Naval Battle of Lake Erie; 1814, Defence of Michilimacinac with Robert Dickson; 5 July-15 August 1814, Niagara Campaign; 25 July 1814, Battle of Lundy's Lane; 4 August-21 September 1814, Failed Siege of Fort Erie; September-December 1814, Garrisoned Fort Michilimackinac and Captured two American ships (Tigress and Scorpion). Canada. 1815-1816, Garrisoned St John’s Newfoundland; 1851-1865, Garrisoned Halifax.

Nova Scotia Militia

26 x bns

War of 1812. 1812-1815, Garrison Annapolis Halifax Cape Breton Fredericton St John St Andrews Fort Cumberland Windsor Digby Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia Fencible Infantry

Commander: 1803, Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Wetherall

1803, Nova Scotia Fencible Infantry, 1816, Disbanded.

Canada. 1803, Garrisoned Halifax Nova Scotia; 1805-1813, . War of 1812. Garrisoned Québec.

Nova Scotia Regiment

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Veitch Bayard

1803, The Nova Scotia Regiment, 1862, Disbanded.

War of 1812.

The Perth Regiment

1866, 28th Perth Battalion of Infantry, 1920, The Perth Regiment, 1965, Disbanded.

Fenian Raids.

Prince County Regiment

c1826, 4 x bns

1826, Prince County Regiment, 1875, Prince County Provisional Battalion of Infantry, 1884, Disbanded.

Canada.

Prince Edward Volunteers

1813, Prince Edward Volunteers, 1814, Disbanded.

War of 1812.

Provincial Commissariat Voyageurs

1813, Provincial Commissariat Voyageurs 1815, Disbanded.

War of 1812.

Québec Volunteers

1812, Québec Volunteers, 1813, Disbanded.

War of 1812.

Queen's County Regiment

c1826, 5 x bns

1826, Queen's County Regiment, 1876, Queen's County Battalion of Infantry, 1900, 82nd Queen's County Regiment, 1927, The Prince Edward Island Highlanders, 1946, Disbanded.

Canada.

Queen's Own Rifles of Canada

1860, 2nd Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles of Canada, 1882, 2nd Battalion, Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, 1900, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada,

Fenian Raids. 2 June 1866. Attacked Fenians at Battle of Ridgeway. North West Campaign. 20 April 1885, Relief of Battleford.

Le Régiment de Joliette

1871, Le Régiment de Joliette, 1900, 83rd Joliette Regiment, 1920, Le Régiment de Joliette, 1964, Disbanded.

Fenian Raids.

104th Regiment of Foot

1811, Amalgamated with the New Brunswick Fencible Infantry,1817, Disbanded.

Canada. Garrisoned Newfoundland, War of 1812. 16 August 1812, Battle of Detroit, 27 April 1813, Battle of Muddy York, 28 May 1813, Battle of Sackett's Harbour, 6 June 1813, Battle of Stoney Creek, 24 June,1813, Battle of Beaver Dams; 25 July 1814, Battle of Lundy's Lane, 4 August-21 September 1814, Siege of Fort Erie,

104th Regiment of Foot

1812-1813, Made overland winter march to Québec

1803, Provincial Establishment, 1810, British Establishment

Commander: 1813 Lieutenant Colonel John Coffin

1793, New Brunswick Regiment of Fencible Infantry, 1803, New Brunswick Fencible Infantry, 1810, 104th Regiment of Foot (New Brunswick Regiment), 1817, Disbanded in Canada.

Canada. 1803-1812, Garrisoned New Brunswick. War of 1812. 1813, Garrisoned New Brunswick Prince Edward Island and Kingston; 27 May 1813, Battle of Fort George; 28-29 May 1813, Battle of Sackett's Harbour; 6 June 1813, Battle of Stoney Creek; 24 June 1813, Battle of Beaver Dams; 8 July 1813, Battle and Captured Fort George; 5 July-15 August 1814, Niagara Campaign; 25 July 1814, Battle of Lundy's Lane; 4 August-21 September 1814, Failed Siege of Fort Erie; September 1814, Concentrated in Upper Canada; 19 October 1814, Battle of Cook's Mill. Canada. 1815-1817, Garrisoned Québec and Montréal.

Regiment of Lincoln

1793, The Regiment of Lincoln, 1863, 19th Battalion Volunteer Militia (Infantry) Canada, 1866, 19th Lincoln Battalion of Infantry, 1920, The Lincoln Regiment and Welland Regiment, 1936, Amalgamated with Welland Regiment, 1936, The Lincoln and Welland Regiment.

War of 1812. 27 April 1813, Battle Burned Occupied Muddy York (Toronto). Fenian Raids. 1866, Defended Niagara in Fenian Raid.

Regina Volunteer Corps

1885, Regina Volunteer Corps, 1885, Disbanded.

North West Campaign.

Regiment of Welland

1846, Regiment of Welland, 1866, 44th Welland Battalion of Infantry, 1900, 44th Lincoln and Welland Regiment, 1936, Amalgamated with Lincoln Regiment, 1936, The Lincoln and Welland Regiment.

Fenian Raids.

Royal Canadian Regiment

1883, Infantry School Corps, 1892, Canadian Regiment of Infantry, 1901, Royal Canadian Regiment.

North West Campaign.

Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment

1840, British Establishment

1840, The Royal Canadian Veterans Regiment, 1840, The Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment, 1870, Disbanded.

Canada. 1840-1870, Garrisoned the Canadian boder; 1850-1851; 1856-1865, Garrisoned Halifax. Fenian Raids. 1862-1870, Garrisoned Newfoundland.

Royal Canadian Volunteer Regiment of Foot

2 x bns

Commanders: Lieutenant Colonels Joseph Le Moyne, Baron de Longueuil 1st Bn, John Macdonell 2nd Bn.

1794, Royal Canadian Volunteer Regiment of Foot, 1802, Disbanded

Canada. 1794-1802, Garrisoned in Upper and Lower Canada.

The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry

1862, 13th Battalion Volunteer Militia of Canada, 1927, The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, 1936, Amalgamated to form The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment).

Fenian Raids. 2 June 1866, Attacked Fenians at Battle of Ridgeway.

Royal Nova Scotia Regiment 

Commander: Colonel Sir John Wentworth

1793, Royal Nova Scotia Regiment , 1802, Disbanded.

Canada. 1793-1802 Garrisoned Nova Scotia.

Royal Regiment of Canada

Captain Alan Mackenzie (WW II 2nd Bn)

1862, 10th Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles of Canada, 1863, The 10th Battalion, Royal Regiment of Toronto Volunteers, 1881, 10th Battalion Royal Grenadiers, 1914, The 3rd Canadian Battalion, The Toronto Regiment, 1920, The Toronto Regiment, 1936, The Royal Regiment of Canada.

1877, 8th Battalion "Royal Rifles", 1920, The Royal Rifles of Canada, 1965, Disbanded.

Fenian Raids. 1866, 1867, 1871. North-West Campaign. 24 April 1885, Battle of Fish Creek, 9-12 May 1885, Battle of Batôche.

10th Royal Veteran Battalion

c1807, 10th Royal Veteran Battalion, 1816, Disbanded.

1807, Québec, War of 1812. 17 July 1812, Captured Fort Michilimacinac, 9 October 1812, Battle of Fort Erie, 21 January 1813, Battle of Miami (now called Maumee) on River Raisin, 5 October 1813, Thames River Battle, 1814, Cape Breton and Prince Edward Island, 1815, Disbanded Québec.

Runcie's Company of Coloured Men

1812

War of 1812. 13 October 1812, Battle of Queenston Heights; 26-27 May 1813, Defeated at Battle of Fort George.

Sir Thomas Dunlop's Regiment

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Sir Thomas Dunlop

Canada.

St John's Corps of Provincials

Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edmund Fanning

1799, Prince Edward Island Fencibles, 1802, Disbanded.

Canada.

Temiscouata Provisional Battalion

1869, Temiscouata Provisional Battalion, 1883, Amalgamated with Rimouski Provisional Battalion, 1883, 89th Temiscouata and Rimouski Battalion of Infantry, 1920, Le Régiment Temiscouata et Rimouski, 1922, Fusiliers du St. Laurent, 1954, Amalgamated with Le Régiment de Montmagny, 1968, Les Fusiliers du St. Laurent.

Fenian Raids.

Upper Canada Indian Department

Commander: Colonel William Claus Superintendent

War of 1812. Niagara Operations.

Upper Canada Select Embodied Militia

c1812

War of 1812. 26 October 1813, Battle of Chate‚uguay,

Vancouver Island Volunteer Rifle Corps

1856, Vancouver Island Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1878, Victoria Rifle Company, 1883, Disbanded.

Canada.

Victoria Rifles of Canada

1862, 3rd Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles of Canada, 1900, 3rd Regiment Victoria Rifles of Canada, 1934, Victoria Rifles of Canada, 1965, Disbanded.

Fenian Raids. 25 May 1870, Defeated Fenians at Battle of Eccles Hill. 

Western Rangers

1813, Western Rangers, 1815 , Disbanded.

War of 1812. 28 April-9 May 1813, Siege and Captured Fort Meigs.

The 90th Winnipeg Rifles

1885, 10th Winnipeg Rifles, 1955, Amalgamated with The Winnipeg Light Infantry to form The Royal Winnipeg Rifles.

Canada. 26 March-23 May 1885, North West Campaign. 24 April 1885, Battle of Fish Creek, 9-12 May 1885, Battle of Batôche.

The Winnipeg Light Infantry

1885, Winnipeg Light Infantry Battalion, 1888, 91st Winnipeg Light Infantry Battalion, 1889, 91st Battalion Manitoba Light Infantry, 1920, The Winnipeg Light Infantry, 1955, Amalgamated with The Royal Winnipeg Rifles.

Canada. 26 March-23 May 1885, North West Campaign.

ENDNOTES

1       For references see various regimental websites, http://www.regiments.org/regiments/na-canada/lists/cargxref.htm, Ron McGuigan, Fencible Regiments in British North America at http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/organization/fencibles /c_fencibles3.html, Robert Henderson, His Majesty's Canadian Regiment of Fencible Infantry 1803-1816, www.warof1812.ca/can_fen.htm, http://www.revwar75.com/crown/loyal3.htm#8, http://orbat.com/site/history/historical/usa/ independence 1776.html, http://regiments.org/regiments/na-canada/lists/cargxref.htm, http://americanrevolution.org/, Timeline of the War of 1812 http://www.societyofthewar of1812 .org/1812timl.htm, Charmion Chaplin-Thomas, www.forces.gc.ca/site/fourth_dimension, Report # 7, D History CFHQ, 4 July 1966, http://www.dnd.ca/hr/dhh/Downloads/cfhq/cfhq007.pdf. The Loyalist Collection, MIC-Loyalist FC LFR .M4F3P3, http://www.lib.unb.ca/collections/loyalist/seeOne.php?id=480&string, Canadian Government web site, Regiments and Units Serving in Canada 1755-1871, http//www.cmhg.gc.ca/cmh/en/page_538.asp?flash=1. Harv Hilowitz, op. cit. also notes that 1,000 Canadians fought in American units on the Patriot side, http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/chronology/, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7Ecrossroads/regiments/regiments-infantry-2.html, http://www.warof1812.ca/lacolle.htm, http://www.niagaraparks.com/heritage/forteriehistory.php, http://ah.phpwebhosting.com/h/br/br.html, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chateauguay, http://www.bartleby.com/252/pages/page83.html, http://war1812.tripod.com/seige.html, http://www.qor.com/history/ridgeway.html, http://www.napoleonicminiatureswargame.com/lundyslaneob.html, http://www.niagaraparks.com/heritage/forteriehistory.php, http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/biography/carleton_g/carleton_g.html, http://www.napoleonicminiatureswargame.com/chippawaob.html. The First Foot Guards, footguards.tripod.com/01ABOUT/01_order_o_battle, and See John K. Robertson, Don Hagist, Todd Braisted, and Don Londahl-Smidt website at RevWar75.com. Canadian Government web site, Regiments and Units Serving in Canada 1755-1871, http//www.cmhg.gc.ca/cmh/en/page_538.asp?flash=1John Worth, http://www.spanishflorida.net/forts.htm.
Canadian Government web site, Regiments and Units Serving in Canada 1755-1871, http://www.warof1812.ca/forterie.htm, http//www.cmhg.gc.ca/cmh/en/page_538.asp?flash=1Discovered 1542; Wikipedia War of 1812 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812.

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