ETRURIAN EVOLUTION

600 BC

 

530 BC

 
Legend
 

Etruscans

 

Greeks

 

Carthaginians

 

Natives/mercenaries

 

Romans

 

380 BC

 

280 BC

Background

According to legend, the Etruscan League of 12 cities was founded by two Lydian noblemen; Tarchun and his brother Tyrrhenus. Tarchun lent his name to the city of Tarchna, or Roman Tarquinnii. Tyrrhenus gave his name to the Tyrrhenians - the alternative name for the Etruscans. The league was mostly an economic and religious league, or a loose confederation, similar to the Greek states.[1]

Etruria was important to both Rome and the FitzGeralds. Tarquinia was one of the first Etruscan cities. The ancient myths connected with Tarquinia (AKA Tarchon) and of the infant oracle Tages, who gave the Etruscans the disciplina etrusca. Tarquinia was culturally important, and the archaeological record bears out that Tarquinia was one of the oldest Etruscan centres which eclipsed its neighbours well before the advent of written records.

ENDNOTES

1          See The Etruscan League of 12 at http://www.mysteriousetruscans.com/cities.html.

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