The Duke of Medina Sidonia was intended to land 60,000 men in Elizabethan England. Given a complex plan, Medina Sidonia failed to pick up the 30,000 man army in the Netherlands. The English knew the Spanish plan and effectively scuttled the Armada's effictiveness in a series of hit and run attacks, accurate gun-fire, and a final night attack by fire-ships.

The Spanish fleet had been at anchor and cut their anchors to get away and were then driven by a storm up the coast of Britain, unable to stop with no anchors. The fleet had been destroyed by the time the remnants returned to Spain.

home · introduction · genealogy · background · maps · bibliography · search · contact